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Worldwide Secular Trends in Age at Pubertal Onset Assessed by Breast Development Among Girls: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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@article{1c5d9d06c8be4ae0a8832610cb06079a,
title = "Worldwide Secular Trends in Age at Pubertal Onset Assessed by Breast Development Among Girls: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis",
abstract = "Importance: The initial clinical sign of pubertal onset in girls is breast gland development (thelarche). Although numerous studies have used recalled age at menarche (first menstruation) to assess secular trends of pubertal timing, no systematic review has been conducted of secular trends of thelarche.Objectives: To systematically evaluate published data on pubertal timing based on age at thelarche and evaluate the change in pubertal onset in healthy girls around the world.Data Sources: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed and Embase of all original peer-reviewed articles published in English before June 20, 2019.Study Selection: Included studies used clinical assessment of breast development in healthy girls and used adequate statistical methods, including the reporting of SEs or CIs. The quality of the articles was evaluated by assessing study design, potential sources of bias, main characteristics of the study population, and methods of statistical analysis.Data Extraction and Synthesis: In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, all articles were assessed for eligibility independently by 2 authors. Weighted regression analysis was performed using a random-effects model.Main Outcomes and Measures: Studies examining age at thelarche (development of Tanner breast stage 2) in healthy girls.Results: The literature search resulted in a total of 3602 studies, of which 30 studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria. There was a secular trend in ages at thelarche according to race/ethnicity and geography. Overall, the age at thelarche decreased 0.24 years (95{\%} CI, -0.44 to -0.04) (almost 3 months) per decade from 1977 to 2013 (P = .02).Conclusions and Relevance: The age at thelarche has decreased a mean of almost 3 months per decade from 1977 to 2013. A younger age at pubertal onset may change current diagnostic decision-making. The medical community needs current and relevant data to redefine {"}precocious puberty,{"} because the traditional definition may be outdated, at least in some regions of the world.",
author = "Camilla Eckert-Lind and Busch, {Alexander S} and Petersen, {J{\o}rgen H} and Biro, {Frank M} and Gary Butler and Br{\"a}uner, {Elvira V} and Anders Juul",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.5881",
language = "English",
volume = "174",
pages = "e195881",
journal = "JAMA Pediatrics",
issn = "2168-6203",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Worldwide Secular Trends in Age at Pubertal Onset Assessed by Breast Development Among Girls

T2 - A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

AU - Eckert-Lind, Camilla

AU - Busch, Alexander S

AU - Petersen, Jørgen H

AU - Biro, Frank M

AU - Butler, Gary

AU - Bräuner, Elvira V

AU - Juul, Anders

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Importance: The initial clinical sign of pubertal onset in girls is breast gland development (thelarche). Although numerous studies have used recalled age at menarche (first menstruation) to assess secular trends of pubertal timing, no systematic review has been conducted of secular trends of thelarche.Objectives: To systematically evaluate published data on pubertal timing based on age at thelarche and evaluate the change in pubertal onset in healthy girls around the world.Data Sources: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed and Embase of all original peer-reviewed articles published in English before June 20, 2019.Study Selection: Included studies used clinical assessment of breast development in healthy girls and used adequate statistical methods, including the reporting of SEs or CIs. The quality of the articles was evaluated by assessing study design, potential sources of bias, main characteristics of the study population, and methods of statistical analysis.Data Extraction and Synthesis: In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, all articles were assessed for eligibility independently by 2 authors. Weighted regression analysis was performed using a random-effects model.Main Outcomes and Measures: Studies examining age at thelarche (development of Tanner breast stage 2) in healthy girls.Results: The literature search resulted in a total of 3602 studies, of which 30 studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria. There was a secular trend in ages at thelarche according to race/ethnicity and geography. Overall, the age at thelarche decreased 0.24 years (95% CI, -0.44 to -0.04) (almost 3 months) per decade from 1977 to 2013 (P = .02).Conclusions and Relevance: The age at thelarche has decreased a mean of almost 3 months per decade from 1977 to 2013. A younger age at pubertal onset may change current diagnostic decision-making. The medical community needs current and relevant data to redefine "precocious puberty," because the traditional definition may be outdated, at least in some regions of the world.

AB - Importance: The initial clinical sign of pubertal onset in girls is breast gland development (thelarche). Although numerous studies have used recalled age at menarche (first menstruation) to assess secular trends of pubertal timing, no systematic review has been conducted of secular trends of thelarche.Objectives: To systematically evaluate published data on pubertal timing based on age at thelarche and evaluate the change in pubertal onset in healthy girls around the world.Data Sources: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed and Embase of all original peer-reviewed articles published in English before June 20, 2019.Study Selection: Included studies used clinical assessment of breast development in healthy girls and used adequate statistical methods, including the reporting of SEs or CIs. The quality of the articles was evaluated by assessing study design, potential sources of bias, main characteristics of the study population, and methods of statistical analysis.Data Extraction and Synthesis: In accordance with PRISMA guidelines, all articles were assessed for eligibility independently by 2 authors. Weighted regression analysis was performed using a random-effects model.Main Outcomes and Measures: Studies examining age at thelarche (development of Tanner breast stage 2) in healthy girls.Results: The literature search resulted in a total of 3602 studies, of which 30 studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria. There was a secular trend in ages at thelarche according to race/ethnicity and geography. Overall, the age at thelarche decreased 0.24 years (95% CI, -0.44 to -0.04) (almost 3 months) per decade from 1977 to 2013 (P = .02).Conclusions and Relevance: The age at thelarche has decreased a mean of almost 3 months per decade from 1977 to 2013. A younger age at pubertal onset may change current diagnostic decision-making. The medical community needs current and relevant data to redefine "precocious puberty," because the traditional definition may be outdated, at least in some regions of the world.

U2 - 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.5881

DO - 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.5881

M3 - Journal article

VL - 174

SP - e195881

JO - JAMA Pediatrics

JF - JAMA Pediatrics

SN - 2168-6203

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 59972495