Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Welfare consequences for people diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A matched nationwide study in Denmark

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Reduced prefrontal cortex response to own vs. unknown emotional infant faces in mothers with bipolar disorder

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Psilocybin-induced changes in brain network integrity and segregation correlate with plasma psilocin level and psychedelic experience

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Reward processing in major depressive disorder and prediction of treatment response - Neuropharm study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Arousal characteristics in patients with Parkinson's disease and isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Brain tumours in children and adolescents may affect the circadian rhythm and quality of life

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Brain tumours result in sleep disorders in children and adolescents

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. European guideline and expert statements on the management of narcolepsy in adults and children

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

  5. Automatic Segmentation to Cluster Patterns of Breathing in Sleep Apnea

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Poul Jennum
  • Lene Halling Hastrup
  • Rikke Ibsen
  • Jakob Kjellberg
  • Erik Simonsen
View graph of relations

There is insufficient data regarding the excess direct and indirect costs associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Using the Danish National Patient Registry (2002-2016), we identified 83,613 people of any age with a diagnosis of ADHD or who were using central-acting medication against ADHD (primarily methylphenidate, with at least two prescriptions) and matched them to 334,446 control individuals. Additionally, 18,959 partners of patients aged ≥18 years with ADHD were identified, and compared with 74,032 control partners. Direct costs were based on data from the Danish Ministry of Health. Information about the use and costs of drugs were obtained from the Danish Medicines Agency. The frequencies of visits and hospitalizations, and costs of general practice were derived from data from the National Health Security. Indirect costs were obtained from Coherent Social Statistics. The average annual health care costs for people with ADHD and their partners were, respectively, €2636 and €477 higher than those of the matched controls. A greater percentage of people with ADHD and their partners compared with respective control subjects received social services (sick pay or disability pension). Those with ADHD had a lower income from employment than did controls for equivalent periods up to five years before the first diagnosis of ADHD. The additional direct and indirect annual costs (for those aged ≥18 years) including transfers of ADHD compared with controls were €23,072 for people with ADHD and €7,997 for their partners. ADHD has substantial socioeconomic consequences for individual patients, their partners and society.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume37
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
ISSN0924-977X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

ID: 61830139