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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Vitamin D Status and Muscle Function Among Adolescent and Young Swimmers

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  • Nina Rica Wium Geiker
  • Mette Hansen
  • Jette Jakobsen
  • Michael Kristensen
  • Rikke Larsen
  • Niklas R Jørgensen
  • Birthe S Hansen
  • Susanne Bügel
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Impaired muscle function has been coupled to vitamin D insufficiency in young women and in elderly men and women. Those living at Northern latitudes are at risk for vitamin D insufficiency due to low sun exposure which may be more pronounced among elite swimmers because of their indoor training schedules. We aimed to examine vitamin D status among young elite swimmers and evaluate the association between vitamin D status and muscle strength. Twenty-nine swimmers, 12 female and 17 male (16-24 years) residing at latitude 55-56°N were studied in March and April. Blood samples were analyzed for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (s-25(OH)D) and hand-grip strength was measured as marker of muscle strength. Subjects´ vitamin D and calcium intake were assessed by food frequency questionnaire and sun exposure and training status by questionnaires. Mean (± SD) s-25(OH)D was 52.6 ± 18.3nmol/L among all swimmers. In 45% of the swimmers s-25(OH)D was below 50 nmol/L. Female swimmers had higher s-25(OH)D concentration than male swimmers (61.7 ± 17,5 nmol/L vs. 46.2 ± 16,5 nmol/L, p = .026). Among male swimmers, those with sufficient vitamin D status had higher hand grip strength than those with insufficient vitamin D status (50.6 ± 6.4 kg vs. 41.1 ± 7.8 kg, p = .02). Among Danish elite swimmers 45% had an insufficient vitamin D status during the spring; the prevalence being higher among male swimmers. Muscle strength was significantly higher in male swimmers with sufficient vitamin D status.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Volume27
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)399-407
Number of pages9
ISSN1526-484X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 52120540