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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital

Validity and sensitivity to change of the semi-quantitative OMERACT ultrasound scoring system for tenosynovitis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

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OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the metric properties of the semi-quantitative OMERACT US scoring system vs a novel quantitative US scoring system for tenosynovitis, by testing its intra- and inter-reader reliability, sensitivity to change and comparison with clinical tenosynovitis scoring in a 6-month follow-up study.

METHODS: US and clinical assessments of the tendon sheaths of the clinically most affected hand and foot were performed at baseline, 3 and 6 months in 51 patients with RA. Tenosynovitis was assessed using the semi-quantitative scoring system (0-3) proposed by the OMERACT US group and a new quantitative US evaluation (0-100). A sum for US grey scale (GS), colour Doppler (CD) and pixel index (PI), respectively, was calculated for each patient. In 20 patients, intra- and inter-observer agreement was established between two independent investigators. A binary clinical tenosynovitis score was performed, calculating a sum score per patient.

RESULTS: The intra- and inter-observer agreements for US tenosynovitis assessments were very good at baseline and for change for GS and CD, but less good for PI. The smallest detectable change was 0.97 for GS, 0.93 for CD and 30.1 for PI. The sensitivity to change from month 0 to 6 was high for GS and CD, and slightly higher than for clinical tenosynovitis score and PI.

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated an excellent intra- and inter-reader agreement between two investigators for the OMERACT US scoring system for tenosynovitis and a high ability to detect changes over time. Quantitative assessment by PI did not add further information.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRheumatology (Oxford, England)
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)2156-66
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

ID: 49685716