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The Natural History of Hearing Loss in Pendred Syndrome and Non-Syndromic Enlarged Vestibular Aqueduct

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INTRODUCTION: The aim was to investigate the progress of hearing loss over time in a cohort of pendred syndrome and non-syndromic enlarged vestibular aqueduct (PS/NSEVA) with one or two confirmed pathogenic variations in SLC26A4.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: At our tertiary referral center, a retrospective search of all patients with enlarged vestibular aqueduct, hearing loss and SLC26A4 mutations yielded 103 individuals by March 2017, 96 of whom had records of hearing levels; both an early audiometry and the latest between 3 and 668 months follow-up. Pure-tone average (PTA; average of thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz) was calculated for both ears at time 1 and time 2. Neonatal screening results were retrieved.

RESULTS: Eighty-seven (87) individuals had biallelic (M2) and 16 had monoallelic alterations (M1) in their SLC26A4. On average, the PTA progressed to 80 dB HL by the age of 6 years for the entire cohort, and 3.2 years for the biallelic (M2) affected individuals. 25% of the cohort was screened in the neonatal screening program; of these 42% had "passed" at least monaurally. Audiometric profiles related to age show faster deterioration in high frequencies than in low frequencies.

CONCLUSION: In patients with PS/NSEVA and SLC26A4 mutations, the average hearing loss progresses to 80 dB HL by the age of 6 years. For biallelic (M2) affected individuals it was 3.2 years. Although hearing levels reached severe to profound during childhood, almost 1/2 had passed neonatal hearing screening, at least monaurally, emphasizing the need for close follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOtology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
Volume40
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)e178-e185
ISSN1531-7129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

ID: 56613232