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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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The effect of blue-blocking and neutral intraocular lenses on circadian photoentrainment and sleep one year after cataract surgery

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PURPOSE: To compare the long-term effect on circadian photoentrainment and sleep in patients implanted with neutral and blue-blocking intraocular lenses 1 year after cataract surgery.

METHODS: Randomized, controlled trial involving 67 patients with age-related cataract. Intervention was cataract surgery with implantation of either a neutral or a blue-blocking intraocular lens (IOL). Main outcome was activation of the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGC) measured by chromatic pupillometry. The circadian rhythm was analysed by 24-hr melatonin profiles and actigraphy; the latter was also used to determine objective sleep quality. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index determined subjective sleep quality.

RESULTS: One year after surgery, peak melatonin concentration was 3.3 pg/ml (95% CI, 2-5.5) corresponding to 50% lower for the participants allocated to blue-blocking IOLs compared with participants allocated to neutral IOLs. Compared with preoperative levels, the ipRGC response had increased by 13.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.2-22.6) 1 year after surgery. Objective sleep quality was also improved as the time of wakefulness after sleep onset had improved by 5 min (95% CI, 1-10) for the entire population while sleep efficiency had increased by two percentage points (95% CI, 0.42-3.65) although exclusively, for the participants allocated to blue-blocking IOLs.

CONCLUSION: Blue-blocking IOLs increased sleep efficiency but lowered nocturnal melatonin secretion compared with neutral IOLs. Cataract surgery improved the response of ipRGCs and sleep quality. However, the effect of cataract surgery on sleep quality may be unrelated to circadian photoentrainment.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume95
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)344-351
ISSN1755-375X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ID: 49649484