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The Danish Spinal Cord Injury Shoulder (DanSCIS) cohort: methodology and primary results

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  • Camilla M Larsen
  • Birgit Juul-Kristensen
  • Helge Kasch
  • Jan Hartvigsen
  • Lars H Frich
  • Eleanor Boyle
  • Lasse Østengaard
  • Fin Biering-Sørensen
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STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

OBJECTIVES: To describe the socio-demographics, injury characteristics, prevalence of shoulder and neck symptoms, weekly participation in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and quality of life (QoL) of individuals with spinal cord injury in Denmark (SCI).

SETTING: Nation-wide community survey, Denmark.

METHODS: Individuals with SCI for >2 years were included from three SCI rehabilitation departments. Questionnaire data regarding socio-demographic details, SCI injury characteristics, medical history, shoulder and neck symptoms, LTPA and QoL were collected.

RESULTS: Of 2454 potential participants, 1517 (62%) responded to the survey (mean age = 56.2, SD 16.1, 37% female, 42% tetraplegia, 23% complete SCI, mean time since injury = 16.9, SD 13.5). 75% used some form of assistive mobility device. Responders and non-responders showed no sex or injury type/severity differences. Shoulder and neck symptoms within the past 3 months were reported by 63 and 67% respectively, with 51% reporting shoulder symptoms within the past week. Among those with symptoms, 61% had experienced shoulder symptoms and 56% neck symptoms, for more than 30 days during the previous 3 months. Symptoms often prevented participants from performing their usual activities (due to shoulder symptoms 46%, neck symptoms 41%).

CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of self-reported shoulder and neck symptoms was found, which may limit physical function and social activities. We succeeded in generating the Danish Spinal Cord Injury Shoulder (DanSCIS) dataset, which comprised a substantial proportion of Danish adults with SCI. Future studies using data from this cohort will investigate patterns and associations between shoulder/neck symptoms, use of assistive mobility devices, LTPA and QoL.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume59
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)821-831
Number of pages11
ISSN1362-4393
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

ID: 61897254