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The central blood volume as measured by thoracic electrical impedance and plasma proANP is not compromised by donation of 900 mL of blood in men

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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the donation of 900 mL of blood reduces the central blood volume (CBV) assessed by thoracic electrical impedance (TI) and plasma pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (proANP).

BACKGROUND: Donation of 450 mL of blood carries a 1% risk of a vasovagal reaction. Withdrawal of 900 mL of blood decreases cardiac output; however, the effect on CBV remains unknown.

METHODS/MATERIALS: A randomised, single-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover design was used, where 21 healthy semi-recumbent men donated 2 × 450 mL blood or were sham-phlebotomised. Changes in CBV were estimated by proANP and TI at 1.5 (TI1.5 ) and 100 (TI100 ) kHz, reflecting extracellular volume and (regional) total body water, respectively, and the index value (IDX; 1/T1.5 -1/TI100 ) was used to estimate changes in intracellular (red cell) volume. Systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure; heart rate; stroke volume; cardiac output; and systemic vascular resistance were monitored. After completion of the study, 1000 mL of isotonic saline was infused.

RESULTS: Changes (mean% ± SD) in TI1.5 , TI100 and IDX were similar after 450 mL (-0.2 ± 1.6%, 0.0 ± 1.1%, -0.4 ± 10.1%) and 900 mL (0.1 ± 1.6%, 0.2 ± 1.5% and -2.0 ± 15.8%) of blood donation compared to after a sham donation of 450 mL (-0.9 ± 1.2%, -0.5 ± 1.5% and -0.1 ± 6.1%) and 900 mL (-1.2 ± 1.5%, -0.6 ± 1.3% and 0.5 ± 9.9%). In addition, changes in plasma proANP were similar after 450 and 900 mL of blood donation (-0.8 ± 6.7% and -7.6 ± 7.9%) as after sham donations (1.3 ± 7.3% and -4.5 ± 5.6%). Monitoring haemodynamic variables revealed that stroke volume decreased after the donation of 900 mL of blood (-12 ± 12 mL) compared to sham donations.

CONCLUSION: During a 900-mL blood loss in semi-recumbent men, CBV measured by TI and plasma proANP is not affected.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTransfusion medicine (Oxford, England)
Volume30
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)450-455
Number of pages6
ISSN0958-7578
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

ID: 61630860