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The association between antidepressant use and assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment in Danish women: A national registry-based cohort study

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@article{6a7ccc2a70f44f259725f9ff063b29a1,
title = "The association between antidepressant use and assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment in Danish women: A national registry-based cohort study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To investigate (1) if antidepressant use among women in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment and among women without ART treatment influences cumulative live birth rates (CLBR) and number of initiated treatment cycles per woman, (2) whether women undergoing ART treatment are at higher risk of initiating use of antidepressants compared to women not having undergone ART, (3) if mothers after ART treatment have higher risk for postpartum use of antidepressants after ART treatment compared to mothers not having used ART treatment.STUDY DESIGN: A Danish nation-wide register-based cohort study including all women in ART treatment between 1995 through 2009 and an age-matched comparison group of women not having initiated ART treatment. In both groups, women had no previous children before study entry. The women were followed from time of initiating first ART treatment until time of permanent emigration (> 6 months), date of death, or end of follow-up by 31st of December 2009. Chi-square test was used to assess whether observed differences in CLBR between groups were significant. Adjusted incidence rates (IR) and incidence rate ratio (IRR) with 95 % confidence interval (CI) were calculated using Poisson regression analysis. The main outcome measures were: CLBR, number of initiated ART treatment cycles and IRR of initiating antidepressant use.RESULTS: Women using antidepressants before, during or after ART treatment were significantly older, had a lower CLBR and a lower mean number of initiated ART treatment cycles compared to women in ART treatment with no use of antidepressants. No significant difference was found in the incidence of initiating antidepressant use between women in ART treatment and the comparison group. However, when comparing only women with a live birth, significantly more women in ART treatment initiated antidepressant use in the postpartum period (adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 2.56 (95 % CI 1.98-3.30; p < 0.001)).CONCLUSION: Generally, women undergoing ART treatment are not at higher risk of initiating use of antidepressants compared with an age-matched comparison group not treated with ART. However, women with antidepressant medication use prior to ART initiate fewer ART treatments and have lower CLBR. Even though it has not been possible to adjust for all relevant confounders and our follow-up period only runs until the end of 2009, we still believe the results of this study to be highly relevant. According to our study, clinicians should be aware that women conceiving after ART treatment might experience an increased level of psychological strain during the postpartum period compared to mothers who conceived without ART.",
keywords = "Antidepressant treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Depression, Infertility, Postpartum, Register-based cohort study",
author = "{Hviid Malling}, {G M} and Gronemann, {F H} and D Vassard and Ter-Borch, {A S} and A Pinborg and I Hageman and L Schmidt",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.12.019",
language = "English",
volume = "258",
pages = "401--408",
journal = "European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology",
issn = "0028-2243",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The association between antidepressant use and assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment in Danish women

T2 - A national registry-based cohort study

AU - Hviid Malling, G M

AU - Gronemann, F H

AU - Vassard, D

AU - Ter-Borch, A S

AU - Pinborg, A

AU - Hageman, I

AU - Schmidt, L

N1 - Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2021/3

Y1 - 2021/3

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate (1) if antidepressant use among women in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment and among women without ART treatment influences cumulative live birth rates (CLBR) and number of initiated treatment cycles per woman, (2) whether women undergoing ART treatment are at higher risk of initiating use of antidepressants compared to women not having undergone ART, (3) if mothers after ART treatment have higher risk for postpartum use of antidepressants after ART treatment compared to mothers not having used ART treatment.STUDY DESIGN: A Danish nation-wide register-based cohort study including all women in ART treatment between 1995 through 2009 and an age-matched comparison group of women not having initiated ART treatment. In both groups, women had no previous children before study entry. The women were followed from time of initiating first ART treatment until time of permanent emigration (> 6 months), date of death, or end of follow-up by 31st of December 2009. Chi-square test was used to assess whether observed differences in CLBR between groups were significant. Adjusted incidence rates (IR) and incidence rate ratio (IRR) with 95 % confidence interval (CI) were calculated using Poisson regression analysis. The main outcome measures were: CLBR, number of initiated ART treatment cycles and IRR of initiating antidepressant use.RESULTS: Women using antidepressants before, during or after ART treatment were significantly older, had a lower CLBR and a lower mean number of initiated ART treatment cycles compared to women in ART treatment with no use of antidepressants. No significant difference was found in the incidence of initiating antidepressant use between women in ART treatment and the comparison group. However, when comparing only women with a live birth, significantly more women in ART treatment initiated antidepressant use in the postpartum period (adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 2.56 (95 % CI 1.98-3.30; p < 0.001)).CONCLUSION: Generally, women undergoing ART treatment are not at higher risk of initiating use of antidepressants compared with an age-matched comparison group not treated with ART. However, women with antidepressant medication use prior to ART initiate fewer ART treatments and have lower CLBR. Even though it has not been possible to adjust for all relevant confounders and our follow-up period only runs until the end of 2009, we still believe the results of this study to be highly relevant. According to our study, clinicians should be aware that women conceiving after ART treatment might experience an increased level of psychological strain during the postpartum period compared to mothers who conceived without ART.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To investigate (1) if antidepressant use among women in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment and among women without ART treatment influences cumulative live birth rates (CLBR) and number of initiated treatment cycles per woman, (2) whether women undergoing ART treatment are at higher risk of initiating use of antidepressants compared to women not having undergone ART, (3) if mothers after ART treatment have higher risk for postpartum use of antidepressants after ART treatment compared to mothers not having used ART treatment.STUDY DESIGN: A Danish nation-wide register-based cohort study including all women in ART treatment between 1995 through 2009 and an age-matched comparison group of women not having initiated ART treatment. In both groups, women had no previous children before study entry. The women were followed from time of initiating first ART treatment until time of permanent emigration (> 6 months), date of death, or end of follow-up by 31st of December 2009. Chi-square test was used to assess whether observed differences in CLBR between groups were significant. Adjusted incidence rates (IR) and incidence rate ratio (IRR) with 95 % confidence interval (CI) were calculated using Poisson regression analysis. The main outcome measures were: CLBR, number of initiated ART treatment cycles and IRR of initiating antidepressant use.RESULTS: Women using antidepressants before, during or after ART treatment were significantly older, had a lower CLBR and a lower mean number of initiated ART treatment cycles compared to women in ART treatment with no use of antidepressants. No significant difference was found in the incidence of initiating antidepressant use between women in ART treatment and the comparison group. However, when comparing only women with a live birth, significantly more women in ART treatment initiated antidepressant use in the postpartum period (adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 2.56 (95 % CI 1.98-3.30; p < 0.001)).CONCLUSION: Generally, women undergoing ART treatment are not at higher risk of initiating use of antidepressants compared with an age-matched comparison group not treated with ART. However, women with antidepressant medication use prior to ART initiate fewer ART treatments and have lower CLBR. Even though it has not been possible to adjust for all relevant confounders and our follow-up period only runs until the end of 2009, we still believe the results of this study to be highly relevant. According to our study, clinicians should be aware that women conceiving after ART treatment might experience an increased level of psychological strain during the postpartum period compared to mothers who conceived without ART.

KW - Antidepressant treatment

KW - Assisted reproductive technology

KW - Depression

KW - Infertility

KW - Postpartum

KW - Register-based cohort study

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85100439893&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.12.019

DO - 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2020.12.019

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33550215

VL - 258

SP - 401

EP - 408

JO - European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology

JF - European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology

SN - 0028-2243

ER -

ID: 62375557