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The association between antidepressant use and assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment in Danish women: A national registry-based cohort study

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  • G M Hviid Malling
  • F H Gronemann
  • D Vassard
  • A S Ter-Borch
  • A Pinborg
  • I Hageman
  • L Schmidt
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OBJECTIVE: To investigate (1) if antidepressant use among women in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment and among women without ART treatment influences cumulative live birth rates (CLBR) and number of initiated treatment cycles per woman, (2) whether women undergoing ART treatment are at higher risk of initiating use of antidepressants compared to women not having undergone ART, (3) if mothers after ART treatment have higher risk for postpartum use of antidepressants after ART treatment compared to mothers not having used ART treatment.

STUDY DESIGN: A Danish nation-wide register-based cohort study including all women in ART treatment between 1995 through 2009 and an age-matched comparison group of women not having initiated ART treatment. In both groups, women had no previous children before study entry. The women were followed from time of initiating first ART treatment until time of permanent emigration (> 6 months), date of death, or end of follow-up by 31st of December 2009. Chi-square test was used to assess whether observed differences in CLBR between groups were significant. Adjusted incidence rates (IR) and incidence rate ratio (IRR) with 95 % confidence interval (CI) were calculated using Poisson regression analysis. The main outcome measures were: CLBR, number of initiated ART treatment cycles and IRR of initiating antidepressant use.

RESULTS: Women using antidepressants before, during or after ART treatment were significantly older, had a lower CLBR and a lower mean number of initiated ART treatment cycles compared to women in ART treatment with no use of antidepressants. No significant difference was found in the incidence of initiating antidepressant use between women in ART treatment and the comparison group. However, when comparing only women with a live birth, significantly more women in ART treatment initiated antidepressant use in the postpartum period (adjusted incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 2.56 (95 % CI 1.98-3.30; p < 0.001)).

CONCLUSION: Generally, women undergoing ART treatment are not at higher risk of initiating use of antidepressants compared with an age-matched comparison group not treated with ART. However, women with antidepressant medication use prior to ART initiate fewer ART treatments and have lower CLBR. Even though it has not been possible to adjust for all relevant confounders and our follow-up period only runs until the end of 2009, we still believe the results of this study to be highly relevant. According to our study, clinicians should be aware that women conceiving after ART treatment might experience an increased level of psychological strain during the postpartum period compared to mothers who conceived without ART.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
Volume258
Pages (from-to)401-408
Number of pages8
ISSN0028-2243
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

    Research areas

  • Antidepressant treatment, Assisted reproductive technology, Depression, Infertility, Postpartum, Register-based cohort study

ID: 62375557