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Somatostatin receptor-targeted radiopeptide therapy in treatment-refractory meningioma: Individual Patient Data Meta-analysis

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Somatostatin receptor (SSTR)-targeted peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) represents a promising approach for treatment-refractory meningiomas. Methods: We performed an individual patient data meta-analysis, including all published data on meningioma patients treated with SSTR-targeted PRRT. The main outcomes were toxicity, response to treatment, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). We applied the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate survival probabilities and report incidence rates per 100 person-years. We applied Cox proportional hazards models to determine the effect of covariates. Results: We screened 537 papers and identified 6 eligible cohort studies. We included a total of 111 patients who had treatment-refractory meningioma and received SSTR-targeted PRRT. Disease control was achieved in 63% of patients. The 6-mo PFS rates were 94%, 48%, and 0% for World Health Organization grades I, II, and III, respectively. The risk of disease progression decreased by 13% per 1,000-MBq increase in the total applied activity. The 1-y OS rates were 88%, 71%, and 52% for World Health Organization grades I, II, and III, respectively. The risk of death decreased by 17% per 1,000-MBq increase in the total applied activity. The main side effects comprised transient hematotoxicity, such as anemia in 22% of patients, leukopenia in 13%, lymphocytopenia in 24%, and thrombocytopenia in 17%. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this individual patient data meta-analysis represents the most comprehensive analysis of the benefits of and adverse events associated with SSTR-targeted PRRT for treatment-refractory meningioma. The treatment was well tolerated, achieved disease control in most cases, and showed promising results regarding PFS and OS.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Volume62
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)507-513
Number of pages7
ISSN0161-5505
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

ID: 61350973