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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Socio-economic status in families affected by childhood cataract

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PURPOSE: To investigate the socio-economic status of families affected by childhood cataract and to assess how the socio-economic status is affected by cataract diagnosis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Children born between 2000 and 2017, seen between the age 0 and 10 years in the same period at Rigshospitalet or Aarhus University Hospital for cataract (N = 485), were included and compared to a matched children group without cataract (N = 4358). Socio-economic status was evaluated by the parents' income, employment, education, marital status and family structure.

RESULTS: Parents of children with cataract were more likely to have a low yearly income (OR = 1.60, 95% CI (1.12-2.27)), be out of work (OR = 1.74, 95% CI (1.34-2.26)) and have basic education as the highest attained education (OR = 1.64, 95% CI (1.27-2.13)) prior to diagnosis. This social gradient was not affected by the diagnosis. In addition, a higher number of children with cataract lived in multi-family residencies (13.8% versus 8% in group of children without cataract) and they had a greater number of siblings (6.2% had ≥4 siblings versus 2.1% in group of children without cataract).

CONCLUSION: Families affected by childhood cataract have a lower socio-economic status and educational background even before cataract is diagnosed but the diagnosis does not aggravate the differences between these families and the background population. The lower socio-economic status and parental educational background should be taken into consideration in the management of these families.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume100
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
ISSN1755-375X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2021 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

    Research areas

  • childhood cataract, congenital cataract, socio-economic status

ID: 69981111