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Sex Differences and Caffeine Impact in Adenosine-Induced Hyperemia

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Caffeine consumption before adenosine stress myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is known to affect the hemodynamic response and, thus, reduce the stress myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR) assessments. However, it is not clear if any sex-specific differences in the hemodynamic response after caffeine consumption exist. This study aimed to evaluate if such differences exist and, if so, their impact on MBF and MFR assessments. Methods: This study comprised 40 healthy volunteers (19 women). All volunteers underwent 4 serial rest/stress MPI sessions using 82Rb; 2 sessions were acquired without controlled caffeine consumption, and 2 sessions after oral ingestion of either 100 and 300 mg of caffeine or 200 and 400 mg of caffeine. For the caffeine imaging sessions, caffeine was ingested orally 1 h before the MPI scan. Results: Increase in plasma caffeine concentration (PCC) (mg/L) after consumption of caffeine was larger in women (MPI session without caffeine vs. MPI session with caffeine: women = 0.3 ± 0.2 vs. 5.4 ± 5.1, men = 0.1 ± 0.2 vs. 2.7 ± 2.6, both P < 0.001). Caffeine consumption led to reduced stress MBF and MFR assessments for men whereas no changes were reported for women (women [PCC < 1 mg/L vs. PCC ≥ 1 mg/L]: stress MBF = 3.3 ± 0.6 vs. 3.0 ± 0.8 mL/g/min, P = 0.07; MFR = 3.7 ± 0.6 vs. 3.5 ± 1.0, P = 0.35; men [PCC < 1 mg/L vs. PCC ≥ 1 mg/L]: stress MBF = 2.7 ± 0.7 vs. 2.1 ± 1.0 mL/g/min, P = 0.005; MFR = 3.8 ± 1.0 vs. 3.1 ± 1.4, P = 0.018). Significant differences in the stress MBF were observed for the 2 sexes (both P ≤ 0.001), whereas similar MFR was reported (both P ≥ 0.12). Conclusion: Associations between increases in PCC and reductions in stress MBF and MFR were observed for men, whereas women did not have the same hemodynamic response. Stress MBF was affected at lower PCCs in men than women.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)431-437
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

    Research areas

  • adenosine, caffeine, myocardial flow reserve, PET, stress myocardial blood flow

ID: 76142687