Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Psychological well-being and worries among pregnant women in the first trimester during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in Denmark compared with a historical group: A hospital-based cross-sectional study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

DOI

  1. Residual tumor and primary debulking surgery vs interval debulking surgery in stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Reproductive changes among women in their 40s: A cross-sectional study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Home management by remote self-monitoring in intermediate- and high-risk pregnancies: A retrospective study of 400 consecutive women

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  1. Rebozo and External Cephalic Version in breech presentation (RECEIVE): A randomised controlled study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Home blood pressure for the prediction of preeclampsia in women with pre-existing diabetes

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Long-term follow-up on morbidity among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

  4. Apolipoprotein D and transthyretin are reduced in female adolescent offspring of women with type 1 diabetes: The EPICOM study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

INTRODUCTION: A pandemic may negatively influence psychological well-being in the individual. We aimed to assess the potential influence of the first national lockdown in Denmark (March to June 2020) due to the COVID-19 pandemic on psychological well-being and the content and degree of worries among pregnant women in early pregnancy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this hospital-based cross-sectional study based on self-reported data we compared psychological well-being and worries among women who were pregnant during the first phase of the pandemic (COVID-19 group) (n = 685), with women who were pregnant the year before (Historical group) (n = 787). Psychological well-being was measured by the five-item World Health Organization Well-being Index (WHO-5), using a score ≤50 as indicator of reduced psychological well-being. Differences in WHO-5 mean scores and in the prevalence of women with score ≤50 were assessed using general linear and log-binomial regression analyses. The Cambridge Worry Scale was used to measure the content and degree of major worries. To detect differences between groups, Pearson's Chi-square test was used.

RESULTS: We found no differences in mean WHO-5 score between groups (mean difference) 0.1 (95% CI -1.5 to 1.6) or in the prevalence of women with WHO-5 score ≤50 (prevalence ratio 1.04, 95% CI 0.83-1.29) in adjusted analyses. A larger proportion of women in the COVID-19 group reported major worries about Relationship with husband/partner compared with the Historical group (3% [n = 19] vs 1% [n = 6], p = 0.04), and 9.2% in the COVID-19 group worried about the possible negative influence of the COVID-19 restrictions.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that national restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic did not influence the psychological well-being or the content and degree of major worries among pregnant women. However, a larger proportion of women in the COVID-19 group reported major worries concerning Relationship with husband/partner compared with the Historical group and 9.2% in the COVID-19 group worried about the possible negative influence of the COVID-19 restrictions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume101
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)232-240
Number of pages9
ISSN0001-6349
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2021 The Authors. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology (NFOG).

    Research areas

  • COVID-19/epidemiology, Communicable Disease Control/methods, Cross-Sectional Studies, Denmark/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Mental Health/statistics & numerical data, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology, Pregnancy Trimester, First/psychology, Pregnant Women/psychology, Psychology/methods, SARS-CoV-2

ID: 79450277