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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Psychological outcome after severe traumatic brain injury in adolescents and young adults: The chronic phase

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OBJECTIVES: Young individuals surviving severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) frequently experience a wide range of cognitive, emotional and behavioural consequences. This cross-sectional follow-up study investigated psychological outcome of young survivors in the chronic phase, and whether psychological outcome was associated with improvement of functional abilities during sub-acute admission.

METHODS: Patients, who acquired a severe TBI during adolescence or early adulthood (n = 36) and received early intensive rehabilitation, were contacted for follow-up assessment concerning psychological outcome and completed the Adult Self Report 18-59 (ASR18-59). Demographic data, functional outcomes and severity measures were obtained from the local database.

RESULTS: The participants had a mean age of 24.1 years (SD = 4.1) at follow-up, and the mean time since injury was 72.1 months (SD = 44.2). Results showed significantly higher scores compared with the normative reference population in relation to the subscales withdrawal/isolation (p = 0.013), attention problems (p = 0.008) and intrusive behaviour (p = 0.046). Pearson correlation analyses showed that young survivors experiencing more functional improvement during inpatient rehabilitation had fewer psychological problems during the chronic phase in the subscales: withdrawal/isolation, rule breaking, intrusive behaviour and total problems.

CONCLUSION: Young patients reported psychological problems in several areas during the chronic phase of injury, which may hinder complete reintegration and participation in society. Larger functional improvement during sub-acute rehabilitation seemed to be associated with less psychological problems in the chronic phase.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain Injury
Volume32
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)64-71
Number of pages8
ISSN0269-9052
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 52085410