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Proteomics of differential extraction fractions enriched for chromatin-binding proteins from colon adenoma and carcinoma tissues

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  5. The interplay between SUCLA2, SUCLG2, and mitochondrial DNA depletion

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  1. Evaluation of Serum Insulin-like Factor 3 Quantification by LC-MS/MS as a Biomarker of Leydig Cell Function

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  2. Sex-specific estrogen levels and reference intervals from infancy to late adulthood determined by LC-MS/MS

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  3. Terror på hjernen

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  4. Clinical proteomics: Insights from IGF-I

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  5. Development and validation of a mass spectrometry-based assay for quantification of insulin-like factor 3 in human serum

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  • Jaco C Knol
  • Meike de Wit
  • Jakob Albrethsen
  • Sander R Piersma
  • Thang V Pham
  • Sandra Mongera
  • Beatriz Carvalho
  • Remond J A Fijneman
  • Gerrit A Meijer
  • Connie R Jiménez
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BACKGROUND: Altered nuclear and genomic structure and function are hallmarks of cancer cells. Research into nuclear proteins in human tissues could uncover novel molecular processes in cancer. Here, we examine biochemical tissue fractions containing chromatin-binding (CB) proteins in the context of colorectal cancer (CRC) progression.

METHODS: CB protein-containing fractions were biochemically extracted from human colorectal tissues, including carcinomas with chromosomal instability (CIN), carcinomas with microsatellite instability (MIN), and adenomas. The CB proteins were subjected to label-free LC-MS/MS and the data were analyzed by bioinformatics.

RESULTS: Over 1700 proteins were identified in the CB fraction from colonic tissues, including 938 proteins associated with nuclear annotation. Of the latter, 169 proteins were differential between adenomas and carcinomas. In this adenoma-versus-carcinoma comparison, apart from specific changes in components of the splicing and protein translational machineries, we also identified significant changes in several proteins associated with chromatin-directed functions. Furthermore, several key cell cycle proteins as well as those involved in cellular stress were increased, whereas specific components of chromosome segregation and DNA recombination/repair systems were decreased.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study identifies proteomic changes at the subnuclear level that are associated with CRC and may be further investigated. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Biomarkers: A Proteomic Challenge.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta
Volume1844
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1034-43
Number of pages10
ISSN0006-3002
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

    Research areas

  • Adenoma, Biomarkers, Tumor, Chromatin, Chromatography, Liquid, Colorectal Neoplasms, Gene Ontology, Humans, Microsatellite Instability, Neoplasm Proteins, Nuclear Proteins, Proteomics, Subcellular Fractions, Tandem Mass Spectrometry, Journal Article

ID: 49496727