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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Prospective molecular and morphological assessment of testicular prepubertal-type teratomas in postpubertal men

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In 2016, the World Health Organization classification system of testicular tumors included the new entity prepubertal-type teratoma based on its morphological and molecular profile, and the realization that these tumors may occur in postpubertal men. For treatment and prognostic purposes, it is important to distinguish prepubertal-type teratoma from the usual postpubertal-type teratoma, because the former is benign unlike the latter. The distinction may be challenging. In this study, we investigated clinical, morphological, and molecular criteria for distinguishing prepubertal-type teratoma from postpubertal-type teratoma in a prospective series of pure testicular teratomas. All cases of pure teratoma in postpubertal men assessed at Barts Health NHS Trust or in consultation since the introduction of routine investigation of chromosome 12p status in 2010 were reviewed. Morphological features suggestive of prepubertal-type teratoma were observed in 14 out of 35 cases. All underwent molecular testing and none displayed 12p amplification. Mean tumor size was 16 mm (range 7-28 mm). None had associated germ cell neoplasia in situ or significant atrophy. Four incorporated a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor, 1-2 mm in size. Of the ten patients with follow-up information, none have recurred or metastasized. Twenty-one of the 35 cases were diagnosed as postpubertal-type teratoma, mean tumor size 40 mm (range 6-90 mm). One case underwent molecular testing: a tumor of pure skeletal muscle differentiation and possessed 12p amplification. Three cases presented with clinical metastases. Eight cases contained immature areas, ten cases had associated germ cell neoplasia in situ, and 17 cases had severe atrophy of the parenchyma. One case with neither germ cell neoplasia in situ nor atrophy showed necrosis. We conclude that both morphological and molecular features are of help in differentiating prepubertal-type teratoma from postpubertal-type teratoma. In nearly all postpubertal-type teratomas, molecular testing was unnecessary, and merely confirmed the morphological impression in the prepubertal-type teratomas. Our study confirmed the high incidence of well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors in the prepubertal-type.

Original languageEnglish
JournalModern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Volume33
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)713-721
Number of pages9
ISSN0893-3952
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

ID: 58595572