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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Prevalence of t(12;21)[ETV6-RUNX1]-positive cells in healthy neonates

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t(12;21)(p13;q22)[ETV6-RUNX1] is the most common chromosomal translocation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and it can often be backtracked to Guthrie cards supporting prenatal initiation and high levels of circulating t(12;21)-positive cells at birth. To explore the prevalence of ETV6-RUNX1-positive cells in healthy neonates, mononuclear cells from 1417 umbilical cord blood samples were isolated within 24 hours from birth and subsequently screened for ETV6-RUNX1 transcripts using a highly sensitive real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay. In first-run polymerase chain reaction, 14 samples were positive at levels below 10(-5), of which specific hybridization reflecting the relevant genetic region was positive in 9 cases. Repeated analyses using stored mRNA and flowcytometric sorting of a CD19(+), CD8(+), and CD19(-)/CD8(-) subpopulations from cryopreserved mononuclear cells from the same cord blood samples (mean sorted: 18 × 10(6) cells) revealed no positive findings, which demonstrates that the level and/or frequency of ETV6-RUNX1-positive cells is markedly lower than suggested in previous studies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBlood
Volume117
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)186-9
Number of pages4
ISSN0006-4971
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Research areas

  • Adult, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Fetal Blood, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Oncogene Proteins, Fusion, Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma, Prognosis, Sensitivity and Specificity, Translocation, Genetic

ID: 33122719