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Perioperative Alcohol and Smoking Cessation Intervention: Impact on Other Lifestyles

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Merzaai, Bina ; Tonnesen, Hanne ; Rasmussen, Mette ; Lauridsen, Susanne Vahr. / Perioperative Alcohol and Smoking Cessation Intervention : Impact on Other Lifestyles. In: Seminars in Oncology Nursing. 2021 ; Vol. 37, No. 1. pp. 151116.

Bibtex

@article{b07a4471d82b46e8b2db924b092e6920,
title = "Perioperative Alcohol and Smoking Cessation Intervention: Impact on Other Lifestyles",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking are preventable risk factors in surgery. It is unknown whether intervening on these two risk factors also have an effect on other lifestyles. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to compare the effect of an intensive alcohol and smoking cessation intervention on other lifestyles (malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity) with treatment as usual, among patients scheduled for radical cystectomy. The secondary aim was to evaluate associations between successful quitting and changes in other lifestyles.DATA SOURCES: Data on 94 patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy originated from the STOP-OP study, a randomized intervention trial that enrolled patients from four Danish hospitals. Patients were enrolled between November 2014 and July 2017.CONCLUSION: We found no significant differences regarding the three lifestyle factors; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity between patients in the intervention and standard care at the end of the intervention at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. Also, there were no significant associations between successful quitters and non-quitters for alcohol and smoking and the other three lifestyles; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity.IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Findings from this study show that cancer surgery is a good opportunity to address lifestyle changes and that more research into the effect of multimodal interventions are needed. Guidelines on how to support patients to change lifestyle in relation to surgery should be part of nursing practice.",
keywords = "Alcohol, Bladder cancer, Malnutrition, Physical inactivity, Smoking, Surgery",
author = "Bina Merzaai and Hanne Tonnesen and Mette Rasmussen and Lauridsen, {Susanne Vahr}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151116",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "151116",
journal = "Seminars in Oncology Nursing",
issn = "0749-2081",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perioperative Alcohol and Smoking Cessation Intervention

T2 - Impact on Other Lifestyles

AU - Merzaai, Bina

AU - Tonnesen, Hanne

AU - Rasmussen, Mette

AU - Lauridsen, Susanne Vahr

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking are preventable risk factors in surgery. It is unknown whether intervening on these two risk factors also have an effect on other lifestyles. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to compare the effect of an intensive alcohol and smoking cessation intervention on other lifestyles (malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity) with treatment as usual, among patients scheduled for radical cystectomy. The secondary aim was to evaluate associations between successful quitting and changes in other lifestyles.DATA SOURCES: Data on 94 patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy originated from the STOP-OP study, a randomized intervention trial that enrolled patients from four Danish hospitals. Patients were enrolled between November 2014 and July 2017.CONCLUSION: We found no significant differences regarding the three lifestyle factors; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity between patients in the intervention and standard care at the end of the intervention at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. Also, there were no significant associations between successful quitters and non-quitters for alcohol and smoking and the other three lifestyles; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity.IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Findings from this study show that cancer surgery is a good opportunity to address lifestyle changes and that more research into the effect of multimodal interventions are needed. Guidelines on how to support patients to change lifestyle in relation to surgery should be part of nursing practice.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking are preventable risk factors in surgery. It is unknown whether intervening on these two risk factors also have an effect on other lifestyles. Therefore, the primary aim of this study was to compare the effect of an intensive alcohol and smoking cessation intervention on other lifestyles (malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity) with treatment as usual, among patients scheduled for radical cystectomy. The secondary aim was to evaluate associations between successful quitting and changes in other lifestyles.DATA SOURCES: Data on 94 patients with bladder cancer undergoing radical cystectomy originated from the STOP-OP study, a randomized intervention trial that enrolled patients from four Danish hospitals. Patients were enrolled between November 2014 and July 2017.CONCLUSION: We found no significant differences regarding the three lifestyle factors; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity between patients in the intervention and standard care at the end of the intervention at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. Also, there were no significant associations between successful quitters and non-quitters for alcohol and smoking and the other three lifestyles; risk of malnutrition, obesity, and physical inactivity.IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Findings from this study show that cancer surgery is a good opportunity to address lifestyle changes and that more research into the effect of multimodal interventions are needed. Guidelines on how to support patients to change lifestyle in relation to surgery should be part of nursing practice.

KW - Alcohol

KW - Bladder cancer

KW - Malnutrition

KW - Physical inactivity

KW - Smoking

KW - Surgery

U2 - 10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151116

DO - 10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151116

M3 - Review

C2 - 33422365

VL - 37

SP - 151116

JO - Seminars in Oncology Nursing

JF - Seminars in Oncology Nursing

SN - 0749-2081

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 65751418