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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
E-pub ahead of print

Outcome of dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury in patients with infective endocarditis: A nationwide study

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BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) may be complicated by acute kidney injury, yet data on the use of dialysis and subsequent reversibility are sparse.

METHODS: Using Danish nationwide registries, we identified patients with first-time IE from 2000 to 2017. Dialysis naïve patients were grouped into: those with and those without dialysis during admission with IE. Continuation of dialysis was followed one year post-discharge. Multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazard analysis was used to examine one-year mortality for patients surviving IE according to use of dialysis.

RESULTS: We included 7,307 patients with IE; 416 patients (5.7%) initiated dialysis treatment during admission with IE and these were younger, had more comorbidities and more often underwent cardiac valve surgery compared with non-dialysis patients (47.4% vs. 20.9%). In patients with both cardiac valve surgery and dialysis treatment (n=197), 153 (77.7%) initiated dialysis on- or after the date of surgery. The in-hospital mortality was 40.4% and 19.0% for patients with and without dialysis, respectively (p<0.0001). Of those who started dialysis and survived hospitalization, 21.6% continued dialysis treatment within one year after discharge. In multivariable adjusted analysis, dialysis during admission with IE was associated with an increased one-year mortality from IE discharge, HR=1.64 (95% CI: 1.21-2.23).

CONCLUSION: In dialysis-naïve patients with IE, approximately 1 in 20 patients initiated dialysis treatment during admission with IE. Dialysis identified a high-risk group with an in-hospital mortality of 40% and an approximately 20% risk of continued dialysis. Those with dialysis during admission with IE showed worse long-term outcomes than those without.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
ISSN1058-4838
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Jul 2020

ID: 60683317