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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Osteogenic impact of football training in 55- to 70-year-old women and men with prediabetes

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The effects of football training on bone health were examined in 55- to 70-year-old sedentary women and men with prediabetes. Patients (n = 50) with prediabetes (age; 61 ± 9 years, BMI 29.7 ± 0.6 kg/m2 , body fat content; 37 ± 1%, VO2max ; 22.7 ± 0.8 mL/min/kg and mean arterial pressure; 104 ± 3 mm Hg) were randomized into a football training group (FTG; n = 27, 14 women) and a control group (CON; n = 23, 11 women). At baseline, 73% and 24% were diagnosed with femur osteopenia and osteoporosis, respectively. FTG performed football training twice weekly 30-60-minute sessions in 16 weeks, and both FTG and CON received professional dietary advice. Pre- and post-intervention whole-body and regional bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) were determined with DXA-scans, and venous blood samples were drawn and analyzed for plasma bone turnover markers. Change scores were greater (P < 0.05) in FTG compared to CON in leg BMD (0.023 ± 0.005 vs -0.004 ± 0.001 g/cm2 ) and in leg BMC (32 ± 8 vs -4 ± 6 g). Between-group changes in favor of FTG (P < 0.05) also occurred in the femur neck BMD (3.2%) and femur shaft BMD (2.5%). Whole-body BMC and BMD were unchanged in both groups during the intervention. In FTG, resting plasma osteocalcin, P1NP, and CTX-1 rose (P < 0.05) by 23 ± 8, 52 ± 9 and 38 ± 7%, with greater change scores (P < 0.05) than in CON. Finally, P1NP (formation)/CTX-1 (resorption) ratio increased (P < 0.05) in FTG (127 ± 15 vs 150 ± 11) from pre- to post-intervention, with no change in CON (124 ± 12 and 123 ± 12). In conclusion, football training provides a powerful osteogenic stimulus and improves bone health in 55- to 70-year-old women and men diagnosed with prediabetes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
Volume28 Suppl 1
Pages (from-to)52-60
Number of pages9
ISSN0905-7188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

    Research areas

  • Absorptiometry, Photon, Aged, Bone Density, Bone Diseases, Metabolic/therapy, Denmark, Female, Femur, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Osteocalcin/blood, Osteogenesis, Osteoporosis/therapy, Prediabetic State/physiopathology, Soccer

ID: 55801167