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Natriuretic Propeptides as Markers of Atrial Fibrillation Burden and Recurrence (from the AMIO-CAT Trial)

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@article{1d517d6c11a2462ea85b5c2a7a7c553a,
title = "Natriuretic Propeptides as Markers of Atrial Fibrillation Burden and Recurrence (from the AMIO-CAT Trial)",
abstract = "Natriuretic peptides are established plasma markers of systolic heart failure, but their usefulness for the evaluation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown. We examined mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients undergoing ablation for AF. A subpopulation of 102 patients (median age 60 [52;65], 82{\%} male) from the AMIO-CAT trial (Recurrence of arrhythmia following short-term oral AMIOdarone after CATheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study) undergoing ablation for paroxysmal (n = 55) or persistent (n = 47) AF was studied. MR-proANP and NT-proBNP were measured before ablation and at 1, 3, and 6 months' follow-up. Three-day Holter monitoring was performed before ablation, and 6 to 8 weeks and 6 months after ablation. Plasma MR-proANP and NT-proBNP concentrations were higher during AF than during sinus rhythm before ablation (188 pmol/L [131;260] vs 94 pmol/L [64;125], p <0.001; 78 pmol/L [43;121] vs 10.3 pmol/L [5.9;121], p <0.001) and at 1, 3, and 6 months' follow-up. Categories of AF burden on 3-day Holter monitoring (0{\%}, 0{\%} to 99{\%}, and 99{\%} to 100{\%}) were associated with plasma concentrations of both MR-proANP (94 pmol/L [55;127] vs 117 pmol/L [88;185] vs 192 pmol/L [127;261], p <0.001) and NT-proBNP (10 pmol/L [5.9;22] vs 22 pmol/L [8.9;53] vs 81 pmol/L [45;116], p <0.001). In a multivariate regression analysis, however, there was no significant association between baseline propeptide concentrations and recurrence of AF at 6 months' follow-up. In conclusion, AF was associated with higher plasma concentrations of MR-proANP and NT-proBNP than sinus rhythm. Moreover, AF burden was associated with subsequent concentrations of both MR-proANP and NT-proBNP. The results suggest that natriuretic propeptide measurement reflects functional cardiac dysfunction during AF, and that AF burden should be included in biochemical assessment of left ventricular dysfunction.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Stine Darkner and Goetze, {Jens Peter} and Xu Chen and Kristoffer Henningsen and Steen Pehrson and Svendsen, {Jesper Hastrup}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.07.018",
language = "English",
volume = "120",
pages = "1309--1315",
journal = "American Journal of Cardiology",
issn = "0002-9149",
publisher = "Excerpta Medica, Inc",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Natriuretic Propeptides as Markers of Atrial Fibrillation Burden and Recurrence (from the AMIO-CAT Trial)

AU - Darkner, Stine

AU - Goetze, Jens Peter

AU - Chen, Xu

AU - Henningsen, Kristoffer

AU - Pehrson, Steen

AU - Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Natriuretic peptides are established plasma markers of systolic heart failure, but their usefulness for the evaluation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown. We examined mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients undergoing ablation for AF. A subpopulation of 102 patients (median age 60 [52;65], 82% male) from the AMIO-CAT trial (Recurrence of arrhythmia following short-term oral AMIOdarone after CATheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study) undergoing ablation for paroxysmal (n = 55) or persistent (n = 47) AF was studied. MR-proANP and NT-proBNP were measured before ablation and at 1, 3, and 6 months' follow-up. Three-day Holter monitoring was performed before ablation, and 6 to 8 weeks and 6 months after ablation. Plasma MR-proANP and NT-proBNP concentrations were higher during AF than during sinus rhythm before ablation (188 pmol/L [131;260] vs 94 pmol/L [64;125], p <0.001; 78 pmol/L [43;121] vs 10.3 pmol/L [5.9;121], p <0.001) and at 1, 3, and 6 months' follow-up. Categories of AF burden on 3-day Holter monitoring (0%, 0% to 99%, and 99% to 100%) were associated with plasma concentrations of both MR-proANP (94 pmol/L [55;127] vs 117 pmol/L [88;185] vs 192 pmol/L [127;261], p <0.001) and NT-proBNP (10 pmol/L [5.9;22] vs 22 pmol/L [8.9;53] vs 81 pmol/L [45;116], p <0.001). In a multivariate regression analysis, however, there was no significant association between baseline propeptide concentrations and recurrence of AF at 6 months' follow-up. In conclusion, AF was associated with higher plasma concentrations of MR-proANP and NT-proBNP than sinus rhythm. Moreover, AF burden was associated with subsequent concentrations of both MR-proANP and NT-proBNP. The results suggest that natriuretic propeptide measurement reflects functional cardiac dysfunction during AF, and that AF burden should be included in biochemical assessment of left ventricular dysfunction.

AB - Natriuretic peptides are established plasma markers of systolic heart failure, but their usefulness for the evaluation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is unknown. We examined mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients undergoing ablation for AF. A subpopulation of 102 patients (median age 60 [52;65], 82% male) from the AMIO-CAT trial (Recurrence of arrhythmia following short-term oral AMIOdarone after CATheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study) undergoing ablation for paroxysmal (n = 55) or persistent (n = 47) AF was studied. MR-proANP and NT-proBNP were measured before ablation and at 1, 3, and 6 months' follow-up. Three-day Holter monitoring was performed before ablation, and 6 to 8 weeks and 6 months after ablation. Plasma MR-proANP and NT-proBNP concentrations were higher during AF than during sinus rhythm before ablation (188 pmol/L [131;260] vs 94 pmol/L [64;125], p <0.001; 78 pmol/L [43;121] vs 10.3 pmol/L [5.9;121], p <0.001) and at 1, 3, and 6 months' follow-up. Categories of AF burden on 3-day Holter monitoring (0%, 0% to 99%, and 99% to 100%) were associated with plasma concentrations of both MR-proANP (94 pmol/L [55;127] vs 117 pmol/L [88;185] vs 192 pmol/L [127;261], p <0.001) and NT-proBNP (10 pmol/L [5.9;22] vs 22 pmol/L [8.9;53] vs 81 pmol/L [45;116], p <0.001). In a multivariate regression analysis, however, there was no significant association between baseline propeptide concentrations and recurrence of AF at 6 months' follow-up. In conclusion, AF was associated with higher plasma concentrations of MR-proANP and NT-proBNP than sinus rhythm. Moreover, AF burden was associated with subsequent concentrations of both MR-proANP and NT-proBNP. The results suggest that natriuretic propeptide measurement reflects functional cardiac dysfunction during AF, and that AF burden should be included in biochemical assessment of left ventricular dysfunction.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.07.018

DO - 10.1016/j.amjcard.2017.07.018

M3 - Journal article

VL - 120

SP - 1309

EP - 1315

JO - American Journal of Cardiology

JF - American Journal of Cardiology

SN - 0002-9149

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 51671477