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Mesenchymal stem cell therapy for laryngotracheal stenosis: A systematic review of preclinical studies

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BACKGROUND: Laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) can be either congenital or acquired. Laryngeal stenosis is most often encountered after prolonged intubation. The mechanism for stenosis following intubation is believed to be hypertrophic scarring. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy has shown promising results in regenerative medicine. We aimed to systematically review the literature on MSC therapy for stenosis of the conductive airways.

METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched from January 1980-January 2017 with the purpose of identifying all studies addressing the effect of MSC therapy on the airway. We assessed effect on inflammation, fibrosis, and MSC as a component in tissue engineering for treating defects in the airway.

RESULTS: We identified eleven studies (n = 256 animals) from eight countries evaluating the effect of MSCs as a regenerative therapy in the upper airways. The studies indicate that MSC therapy may lead to a more constructive inflammatory response as well as support tissue regeneration.

CONCLUSION: There may be a favorable effect of MSCs in inhibiting inflammation and as a component in tissue engineering. Given the heterogeneous nature of the included animal studies, any clear conclusion regarding the effect of tracheal stenosis in human subjects cannot be drawn. The included preclinical studies are however encouraging for further research.

Original languageEnglish
JournalP L o S One
Volume12
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)e0185283
ISSN1932-6203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Research areas

  • Animals, Fibrosis, Humans, Larynx, Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation, Tracheal Stenosis, Treatment Outcome, Journal Article, Review

ID: 52367498