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Key role of the kidney in the regulation of fibroblast growth factor 23

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High circulating levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) have been demonstrated in kidney failure, but mechanisms of this are not well understood. Here we examined the impact of the kidney on the early regulation of intact FGF23 in acute uremia as induced by bilateral or unilateral nephrectomy (BNX and UNX, respectively) in the rat. BNX induced a significant increase in plasma intact FGF23 levels from 112 to 267 pg/ml within 15 min, which remained stable thereafter. UNX generated intact FGF23 levels between that seen in BNX and sham-operated rats. The intact to C-terminal FGF23 ratio was significantly increased in BNX rats. The rapid rise in FGF23 after BNX was independent of parathyroid hormone or FGF receptor signaling. No evidence of early stimulation of FGF23 gene expression in the bone was found. Furthermore, acute severe hyperphosphatemia or hypercalcemia had no impact on intact FGF23 levels in normal and BNX rats. The half-life of exogenous recombinant human FGF23 was significantly prolonged from 4.4 to 11.8 min in BNX rats. Measurements of plasma FGF23 in the renal artery and renal vein demonstrated a significant renal extraction. Thus the kidney is important in FGF23 homeostasis by regulation of its plasma level and metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalKidney International
Volume88
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1304-1313
Number of pages10
ISSN0085-2538
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

ID: 45990793