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Is there a reasonable excuse for not providing post-operative analgesia when using animal models of peripheral neuropathic pain for research purposes?

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Hestehave, Sara ; Munro, Gordon ; Christensen, Rie ; Brønnum Pedersen, Tina ; Arvastson, Lars ; Hougaard, Philip ; Abelson, Klas S P. / Is there a reasonable excuse for not providing post-operative analgesia when using animal models of peripheral neuropathic pain for research purposes?. In: P L o S One. 2017 ; Vol. 12, No. 11. pp. e0188113.

Bibtex

@article{d747928081b2476db5e59c799faad4b1,
title = "Is there a reasonable excuse for not providing post-operative analgesia when using animal models of peripheral neuropathic pain for research purposes?",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: The induction of neuropathic pain-like behaviors in rodents often requires surgical intervention. This engages acute nociceptive signaling events that contribute to pain and stress post-operatively that from a welfare perspective demands peri-operative analgesic treatment. However, a large number of researchers avoid providing such care based largely on anecdotal opinions that it might interfere with model pathophysiology in the longer term.OBJECTIVES: To investigate effects of various peri-operative analgesic regimens encapsulating different mechanisms and duration of action, on the development of post-operative stress/welfare and pain-like behaviors in the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI)-model of neuropathic pain.METHODS: Starting on the day of surgery, male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered either vehicle (s.c.), carprofen (5.0mg/kg, s.c.), buprenorphine (0.1mg/kg s.c. or 1.0mg/kg p.o. in Nutella{\textregistered}), lidocaine/bupivacaine mixture (local irrigation) or a combination of all analgesics, with coverage from a single administration, and up to 72 hours. Post-operative stress and recovery were assessed using welfare parameters, bodyweight, food-consumption, and fecal corticosterone, and hindpaw mechanical allodynia was tested for assessing development of neuropathic pain for 28 days.RESULTS: None of the analgesic regimes compromised the development of mechanical allodynia. Unexpectedly, the combined treatment with 0.1mg/kg s.c. buprenorphine and carprofen for 72 hours and local irrigation with lidocaine/bupivacaine, caused severe adverse effects with peritonitis. This was not observed when the combination included a lower dose of buprenorphine (0.05mg/kg, s.c.), or when buprenorphine was administered alone (0.1mg/kg s.c. or 1.0mg/kg p.o.) for 72 hours. An elevated rate of wound dehiscence was observed especially in the combined treatment groups, underlining the need for balanced analgesia. Repeated buprenorphine injections had positive effects on body weight the first day after surgery, but depressive effects on food intake and body weight later during the first week.CONCLUSION: Post-operative analgesia does not appear to affect established neuropathic hypersensitivity outcome in the SNI model.",
keywords = "Analgesia, Animals, Biomedical Research, Body Weight, Disease Models, Animal, Feces, Feeding Behavior, Hyperalgesia, Male, Metabolome, Nerve Tissue, Neuralgia, Pain, Postoperative, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Journal Article",
author = "Sara Hestehave and Gordon Munro and Rie Christensen and {Br{\o}nnum Pedersen}, Tina and Lars Arvastson and Philip Hougaard and Abelson, {Klas S P}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0188113",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "e0188113",
journal = "PLOS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is there a reasonable excuse for not providing post-operative analgesia when using animal models of peripheral neuropathic pain for research purposes?

AU - Hestehave, Sara

AU - Munro, Gordon

AU - Christensen, Rie

AU - Brønnum Pedersen, Tina

AU - Arvastson, Lars

AU - Hougaard, Philip

AU - Abelson, Klas S P

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - INTRODUCTION: The induction of neuropathic pain-like behaviors in rodents often requires surgical intervention. This engages acute nociceptive signaling events that contribute to pain and stress post-operatively that from a welfare perspective demands peri-operative analgesic treatment. However, a large number of researchers avoid providing such care based largely on anecdotal opinions that it might interfere with model pathophysiology in the longer term.OBJECTIVES: To investigate effects of various peri-operative analgesic regimens encapsulating different mechanisms and duration of action, on the development of post-operative stress/welfare and pain-like behaviors in the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI)-model of neuropathic pain.METHODS: Starting on the day of surgery, male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered either vehicle (s.c.), carprofen (5.0mg/kg, s.c.), buprenorphine (0.1mg/kg s.c. or 1.0mg/kg p.o. in Nutella®), lidocaine/bupivacaine mixture (local irrigation) or a combination of all analgesics, with coverage from a single administration, and up to 72 hours. Post-operative stress and recovery were assessed using welfare parameters, bodyweight, food-consumption, and fecal corticosterone, and hindpaw mechanical allodynia was tested for assessing development of neuropathic pain for 28 days.RESULTS: None of the analgesic regimes compromised the development of mechanical allodynia. Unexpectedly, the combined treatment with 0.1mg/kg s.c. buprenorphine and carprofen for 72 hours and local irrigation with lidocaine/bupivacaine, caused severe adverse effects with peritonitis. This was not observed when the combination included a lower dose of buprenorphine (0.05mg/kg, s.c.), or when buprenorphine was administered alone (0.1mg/kg s.c. or 1.0mg/kg p.o.) for 72 hours. An elevated rate of wound dehiscence was observed especially in the combined treatment groups, underlining the need for balanced analgesia. Repeated buprenorphine injections had positive effects on body weight the first day after surgery, but depressive effects on food intake and body weight later during the first week.CONCLUSION: Post-operative analgesia does not appear to affect established neuropathic hypersensitivity outcome in the SNI model.

AB - INTRODUCTION: The induction of neuropathic pain-like behaviors in rodents often requires surgical intervention. This engages acute nociceptive signaling events that contribute to pain and stress post-operatively that from a welfare perspective demands peri-operative analgesic treatment. However, a large number of researchers avoid providing such care based largely on anecdotal opinions that it might interfere with model pathophysiology in the longer term.OBJECTIVES: To investigate effects of various peri-operative analgesic regimens encapsulating different mechanisms and duration of action, on the development of post-operative stress/welfare and pain-like behaviors in the Spared Nerve Injury (SNI)-model of neuropathic pain.METHODS: Starting on the day of surgery, male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered either vehicle (s.c.), carprofen (5.0mg/kg, s.c.), buprenorphine (0.1mg/kg s.c. or 1.0mg/kg p.o. in Nutella®), lidocaine/bupivacaine mixture (local irrigation) or a combination of all analgesics, with coverage from a single administration, and up to 72 hours. Post-operative stress and recovery were assessed using welfare parameters, bodyweight, food-consumption, and fecal corticosterone, and hindpaw mechanical allodynia was tested for assessing development of neuropathic pain for 28 days.RESULTS: None of the analgesic regimes compromised the development of mechanical allodynia. Unexpectedly, the combined treatment with 0.1mg/kg s.c. buprenorphine and carprofen for 72 hours and local irrigation with lidocaine/bupivacaine, caused severe adverse effects with peritonitis. This was not observed when the combination included a lower dose of buprenorphine (0.05mg/kg, s.c.), or when buprenorphine was administered alone (0.1mg/kg s.c. or 1.0mg/kg p.o.) for 72 hours. An elevated rate of wound dehiscence was observed especially in the combined treatment groups, underlining the need for balanced analgesia. Repeated buprenorphine injections had positive effects on body weight the first day after surgery, but depressive effects on food intake and body weight later during the first week.CONCLUSION: Post-operative analgesia does not appear to affect established neuropathic hypersensitivity outcome in the SNI model.

KW - Analgesia

KW - Animals

KW - Biomedical Research

KW - Body Weight

KW - Disease Models, Animal

KW - Feces

KW - Feeding Behavior

KW - Hyperalgesia

KW - Male

KW - Metabolome

KW - Nerve Tissue

KW - Neuralgia

KW - Pain, Postoperative

KW - Rats, Sprague-Dawley

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0188113

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0188113

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29166664

VL - 12

SP - e0188113

JO - PLOS ONE

JF - PLOS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 52767525