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Impact of tobacco use on corneal thickness and endothelial health: a systematic review with meta-analyses

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@article{1c79fc3a56784d2fb40ca5f77a00e9fb,
title = "Impact of tobacco use on corneal thickness and endothelial health: a systematic review with meta-analyses",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of tobacco use on corneal thickness and corneal endothelial health.METHODS: We searched the PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central and all affiliated databases of the Web of Science on 20 July 2020. Two authors reviewed the studies and extracted the data in an independent fashion. Studies were reviewed qualitatively in the text, and central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal endothelial characteristics (endothelial cell density, endothelial cell variability, average of endothelial cell size and endothelial cell hexagonality) were introduced for quantitative analyses.RESULTS: Eighteen studies (2077 were smokers and 6429 non-smokers) were identified, of which 17 studies provided data eligible for one or more of the quantitative analyses. When compared to non-smokers, smokers had a higher CCT (+3.3 μm, 95% CI: +0.9 to +5.7 μm, p = 0.007) and a lower endothelial cell density (-140 cells/mm2 , 95% CI: -30 to -250 cells/mm2 , p = 0.01). Other corneal endothelial measures did not differ significantly.CONCLUSION: Tobacco use is associated with a higher CCT and lower corneal endothelium cell density, but the clinical impact of these findings is small. Further studies are warranted on patients with a priori poor corneal health, where smoking may constitute an important risk of further progression, for example upon anterior segment surgery.",
keywords = "cornea, corneal endothelium, corneal thickness, smoking, tobacco",
author = "Frifelt, {Lith Elizabeth Wienholtz} and Yousif Subhi and Holm, {Lars Morten} and Amardeep Singh",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2022",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1111/aos.14897",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "26--34",
journal = "Acta Ophthalmologica",
issn = "1755-375X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Munksgaard",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of tobacco use on corneal thickness and endothelial health

T2 - a systematic review with meta-analyses

AU - Frifelt, Lith Elizabeth Wienholtz

AU - Subhi, Yousif

AU - Holm, Lars Morten

AU - Singh, Amardeep

N1 - © 2021 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2022/2

Y1 - 2022/2

N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of tobacco use on corneal thickness and corneal endothelial health.METHODS: We searched the PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central and all affiliated databases of the Web of Science on 20 July 2020. Two authors reviewed the studies and extracted the data in an independent fashion. Studies were reviewed qualitatively in the text, and central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal endothelial characteristics (endothelial cell density, endothelial cell variability, average of endothelial cell size and endothelial cell hexagonality) were introduced for quantitative analyses.RESULTS: Eighteen studies (2077 were smokers and 6429 non-smokers) were identified, of which 17 studies provided data eligible for one or more of the quantitative analyses. When compared to non-smokers, smokers had a higher CCT (+3.3 μm, 95% CI: +0.9 to +5.7 μm, p = 0.007) and a lower endothelial cell density (-140 cells/mm2 , 95% CI: -30 to -250 cells/mm2 , p = 0.01). Other corneal endothelial measures did not differ significantly.CONCLUSION: Tobacco use is associated with a higher CCT and lower corneal endothelium cell density, but the clinical impact of these findings is small. Further studies are warranted on patients with a priori poor corneal health, where smoking may constitute an important risk of further progression, for example upon anterior segment surgery.

AB - PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of tobacco use on corneal thickness and corneal endothelial health.METHODS: We searched the PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central and all affiliated databases of the Web of Science on 20 July 2020. Two authors reviewed the studies and extracted the data in an independent fashion. Studies were reviewed qualitatively in the text, and central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal endothelial characteristics (endothelial cell density, endothelial cell variability, average of endothelial cell size and endothelial cell hexagonality) were introduced for quantitative analyses.RESULTS: Eighteen studies (2077 were smokers and 6429 non-smokers) were identified, of which 17 studies provided data eligible for one or more of the quantitative analyses. When compared to non-smokers, smokers had a higher CCT (+3.3 μm, 95% CI: +0.9 to +5.7 μm, p = 0.007) and a lower endothelial cell density (-140 cells/mm2 , 95% CI: -30 to -250 cells/mm2 , p = 0.01). Other corneal endothelial measures did not differ significantly.CONCLUSION: Tobacco use is associated with a higher CCT and lower corneal endothelium cell density, but the clinical impact of these findings is small. Further studies are warranted on patients with a priori poor corneal health, where smoking may constitute an important risk of further progression, for example upon anterior segment surgery.

KW - cornea

KW - corneal endothelium

KW - corneal thickness

KW - smoking

KW - tobacco

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85106316090&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/aos.14897

DO - 10.1111/aos.14897

M3 - Review

C2 - 34021700

VL - 100

SP - 26

EP - 34

JO - Acta Ophthalmologica

JF - Acta Ophthalmologica

SN - 1755-375X

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 69983971