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Impact of Conventional Medical Therapy on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover in Adult Patients with X-Linked Hypophosphatemia: A 6-Year Prospective Cohort Study

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@article{aeca4ca081154dd8ba3a0f8dd19999ea,
title = "Impact of Conventional Medical Therapy on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover in Adult Patients with X-Linked Hypophosphatemia: A 6-Year Prospective Cohort Study",
abstract = "X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a rare, inheritable disorder manifesting as rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. While conventional medical treatment with oral phosphate and alfacalcidol is recommended in childhood, it is undecided whether adults should continue therapy. The aim of this 6-year prospective study was to determine the impact of conventional medical treatment on areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone turnover markers (BTMs) and measures of calcium homeostasis in 27 adult patients with XLH, 11 of whom received medical treatment. Lumbar spine and total hip aBMD, as assessed by DXA, and biochemical measures of calcium, phosphate, PTH, 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D2+3 (1,25(OH)2D), fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), P1NP and CTX were measured at baseline and at follow-up. The renal tubular reabsorption of PO4 (TmPO4/GFR) was calculated at both time points. Multilevel mixed-effects linear regression models were used for analyses. During the study period, spine and hip aBMD did not change significantly between treated and non-treated XLH patients. There was a trend towards a decrease in calcium, phosphate and TmPO4/GFR in the treatment group (p = 0.057, p = 0.080 and p = 0.063, respectively), whereas PTH, FGF23, 1,25(OH)2D and P1NP did not change significantly in either groups. However, CTX increased significantly in the treated compared to non-treated group (p = 0.044). Continuing conventional medical therapy in adulthood, although associated with increased bone resorption, does not promote or prevent loss of bone mass as evidenced from the stable aBMD of the hip and spine in XLH patients.",
author = "Shanbhogue, {Vikram Vinod} and Stinus Hansen and J{\o}rgensen, {Niklas Rye} and Beck-Nielsen, {Signe Sparre}",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s00223-017-0363-3",
language = "English",
volume = "102",
pages = "321--328",
journal = "Calcified Tissue International",
issn = "0171-967X",
publisher = "Springer New York LLC",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of Conventional Medical Therapy on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Turnover in Adult Patients with X-Linked Hypophosphatemia

T2 - A 6-Year Prospective Cohort Study

AU - Shanbhogue, Vikram Vinod

AU - Hansen, Stinus

AU - Jørgensen, Niklas Rye

AU - Beck-Nielsen, Signe Sparre

PY - 2018/3

Y1 - 2018/3

N2 - X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a rare, inheritable disorder manifesting as rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. While conventional medical treatment with oral phosphate and alfacalcidol is recommended in childhood, it is undecided whether adults should continue therapy. The aim of this 6-year prospective study was to determine the impact of conventional medical treatment on areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone turnover markers (BTMs) and measures of calcium homeostasis in 27 adult patients with XLH, 11 of whom received medical treatment. Lumbar spine and total hip aBMD, as assessed by DXA, and biochemical measures of calcium, phosphate, PTH, 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D2+3 (1,25(OH)2D), fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), P1NP and CTX were measured at baseline and at follow-up. The renal tubular reabsorption of PO4 (TmPO4/GFR) was calculated at both time points. Multilevel mixed-effects linear regression models were used for analyses. During the study period, spine and hip aBMD did not change significantly between treated and non-treated XLH patients. There was a trend towards a decrease in calcium, phosphate and TmPO4/GFR in the treatment group (p = 0.057, p = 0.080 and p = 0.063, respectively), whereas PTH, FGF23, 1,25(OH)2D and P1NP did not change significantly in either groups. However, CTX increased significantly in the treated compared to non-treated group (p = 0.044). Continuing conventional medical therapy in adulthood, although associated with increased bone resorption, does not promote or prevent loss of bone mass as evidenced from the stable aBMD of the hip and spine in XLH patients.

AB - X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a rare, inheritable disorder manifesting as rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. While conventional medical treatment with oral phosphate and alfacalcidol is recommended in childhood, it is undecided whether adults should continue therapy. The aim of this 6-year prospective study was to determine the impact of conventional medical treatment on areal bone mineral density (aBMD), bone turnover markers (BTMs) and measures of calcium homeostasis in 27 adult patients with XLH, 11 of whom received medical treatment. Lumbar spine and total hip aBMD, as assessed by DXA, and biochemical measures of calcium, phosphate, PTH, 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D2+3 (1,25(OH)2D), fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), P1NP and CTX were measured at baseline and at follow-up. The renal tubular reabsorption of PO4 (TmPO4/GFR) was calculated at both time points. Multilevel mixed-effects linear regression models were used for analyses. During the study period, spine and hip aBMD did not change significantly between treated and non-treated XLH patients. There was a trend towards a decrease in calcium, phosphate and TmPO4/GFR in the treatment group (p = 0.057, p = 0.080 and p = 0.063, respectively), whereas PTH, FGF23, 1,25(OH)2D and P1NP did not change significantly in either groups. However, CTX increased significantly in the treated compared to non-treated group (p = 0.044). Continuing conventional medical therapy in adulthood, although associated with increased bone resorption, does not promote or prevent loss of bone mass as evidenced from the stable aBMD of the hip and spine in XLH patients.

U2 - 10.1007/s00223-017-0363-3

DO - 10.1007/s00223-017-0363-3

M3 - Journal article

VL - 102

SP - 321

EP - 328

JO - Calcified Tissue International

JF - Calcified Tissue International

SN - 0171-967X

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 55811125