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Identification of two different coagulation phenotypes in people living with HIV with undetectable viral replication

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Altered coagulation has been reported in people living with HIV (PLWH) with ongoing viral replication and may predispose to cardiovascular diseases. However, less is known about coagulation in PLWH with undetectable viral replication. In a cross-sectional observational study, we investigated whether HIV infection with undetectable viral replication is independently associated with activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and coagulation factor II-VII-X concentrations out of reference. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association of HIV infection with APTT and coagulation factor II-VII-X, after adjusting for age, sex, smoking status, alcohol consumption, BMI, diabetes and hsCRP. 936 PLWH with undetectable viral replication from the Copenhagen Co-morbidity in HIV infection study (COCOMO-study) and 2955 uninfected controls were included. Higher prevalence of short APTT was found in PLWH compared to controls (13.5% vs. 7.6%, P < 0.001). Furthermore, higher prevalence of low coagulation factor II-VII-X was found in PLWH than in controls (9.6% vs. 7.4%, P = 0.022). HIV was independently associated with short APTT (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.3 (95% CI 1.7-2.9), P < 0.001) and low coagulation factor II-VII-X (aOR 1.4 (95% CI 1.0-1.9), P = 0.046). Few participants among PLWH and controls had both short APTT and low coagulation factor II-VII-X, 2.1% vs. 0.8%, respectively. We found evidence of both procoagulant (short APTT) and anticoagulant (low coagulation factor II-VII-X) alterations in PLWH with undetectable viral replication, and our findings suggest that two different coagulation phenotypes exist in participants with treated HIV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4383
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)4383
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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