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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Hashimoto's thyroiditis as a risk factor for thyroid cancer

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the recent developments in considering Hashimoto's thyroiditis as a risk factor for thyroid cancer.

RECENT FINDINGS: Modern approaches to understanding the co-occurrence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and thyroid cancer have consistently found increased prevalence of both conditions, separately as well as of their coexistence. The inflammatory process in Hashimoto's thyroiditis is understood as a potential risk factor for thyroid cancer development. This has also provided a better understanding of the limitations in the current diagnostic and follow-up armamentarium for both conditions, resulting in international guidelines from the clinical and scientific societies. Other recent developments call for a paradigm shift in guidelines on thyroid carcinomas when lymphocytic infiltration is present, which potentially should always be considered the case at least in areas of sufficient iodine intake.

SUMMARY: The literature of Hashimoto's thyroiditis as a risk factor for thyroid cancer is reviewed over the last year to highlight new developments in the understanding of their association and future clinical implications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity
Volume27
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)364-371
Number of pages8
ISSN1752-296X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

ID: 60778134