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Follistatin secretion is enhanced by protein, but not glucose or fat ingestion in obese persons independently of previous gastric bypass surgery

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Follistatin is secreted from the liver and is involved in the regulation of muscle mass and insulin sensitivity via inhibition of activin A in humans. The secretion of follistatin seems to be stimulated by glucagon and inhibited by insulin, but only limited knowledge on the postprandial regulation of follistatin exists. Moreover, results on postoperative changes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are conflicting with reports of increased, unaltered, and lowered fasting concentrations of follistatin. In this study, we investigated postprandial follistatin and activin A concentrations after intake of isocaloric amounts of protein, fat, or glucose in subjects with obesity with and without previous RYGB to explore the regulation of follistatin by the individual macronutrients. Protein intake enhanced follistatin concentrations similarly in the two groups, whereas glucose and fat ingestion did not change postprandial follistatin concentrations. Concentrations of activin A were lower after protein intake compared with glucose intake in RYGB. Glucagon concentrations were also particularly enhanced by protein intake and tended to correlate with follistatin in RYGB. In conclusion, we demonstrated that protein intake, but not glucose or fat, is a strong stimulus for follistatin secretion in subjects with obesity and that this regulation is maintained after RYGB surgery.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume320
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)G753-G758
ISSN0193-1857
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 the American Physiological Society.

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Activin A, Follistatin, Glucagon, Macronutrients, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

ID: 64082030