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Fetal goiter and bilateral ovarian cysts

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Lassen, Pernille ; Sundberg, Karin ; Juul, Anders ; Skibsted, Lillian. / Fetal goiter and bilateral ovarian cysts. In: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy. 2008 ; Vol. 23, No. 2. pp. 132-5.

Bibtex

@article{b0b83dd8648543959f9dc07b9f7f0c36,
title = "Fetal goiter and bilateral ovarian cysts",
abstract = "A unique case of fetal goiter accompanied by bilateral ovarian cysts in a mother treated with methimazole for Graves'disease is reported. The abnormal findings were detected by ultrasound at 31 weeks of gestation. Umbilical fetal blood sampling revealed elevated serum TSH, normal concentrations of free T 4 , normal FSH and LH and high concentrations of E 2 . A series of weekly amniocenteses and intra-amniotic injections of levothyroxine was initiated, along with a reduction of the mother's methimazole dosage. The level of TSH in amniotic fluid was initially high, but was considerably reduced by each injection and followed by a gradual reduction of fetal goiter as well as the left ovarian cyst. The right cyst ruptured spontaneously. At 36 weeks + 4 days, the patient underwent elective caesarean section and gave birth to a female, weighing 2,880 g with 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 10. The thyroid gland appeared normal in size, and cord blood TSH and free T 4 were both within normal limits. At ultrasound control 6 days later, the right ovarian cyst was not visible, while the left cyst was still present. Thus, our report supports previous findings that fetal goiter can be treated successfully with intra-amniotic injection of levothyroxine.More importantly, it shows that fetal hypothyroidism with elevated levels of TSH can be accompanied by ovarian cysts,suggesting interference between thyreotropic and gonadotropic hormones.",
keywords = "Amniocentesis, Amniotic Fluid, Antithyroid Agents, Cesarean Section, Female, Fetal Blood, Follicle Stimulating Hormone, Goiter, Graves Disease, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Luteinizing Hormone, Maternal-Fetal Exchange, Methimazole, Ovarian Cysts, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Thyrotropin, Thyroxine",
author = "Pernille Lassen and Karin Sundberg and Anders Juul and Lillian Skibsted",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1159/000111593",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "132--5",
journal = "Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy",
issn = "1015-3837",
publisher = "S./Karger AG",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fetal goiter and bilateral ovarian cysts

AU - Lassen, Pernille

AU - Sundberg, Karin

AU - Juul, Anders

AU - Skibsted, Lillian

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - A unique case of fetal goiter accompanied by bilateral ovarian cysts in a mother treated with methimazole for Graves'disease is reported. The abnormal findings were detected by ultrasound at 31 weeks of gestation. Umbilical fetal blood sampling revealed elevated serum TSH, normal concentrations of free T 4 , normal FSH and LH and high concentrations of E 2 . A series of weekly amniocenteses and intra-amniotic injections of levothyroxine was initiated, along with a reduction of the mother's methimazole dosage. The level of TSH in amniotic fluid was initially high, but was considerably reduced by each injection and followed by a gradual reduction of fetal goiter as well as the left ovarian cyst. The right cyst ruptured spontaneously. At 36 weeks + 4 days, the patient underwent elective caesarean section and gave birth to a female, weighing 2,880 g with 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 10. The thyroid gland appeared normal in size, and cord blood TSH and free T 4 were both within normal limits. At ultrasound control 6 days later, the right ovarian cyst was not visible, while the left cyst was still present. Thus, our report supports previous findings that fetal goiter can be treated successfully with intra-amniotic injection of levothyroxine.More importantly, it shows that fetal hypothyroidism with elevated levels of TSH can be accompanied by ovarian cysts,suggesting interference between thyreotropic and gonadotropic hormones.

AB - A unique case of fetal goiter accompanied by bilateral ovarian cysts in a mother treated with methimazole for Graves'disease is reported. The abnormal findings were detected by ultrasound at 31 weeks of gestation. Umbilical fetal blood sampling revealed elevated serum TSH, normal concentrations of free T 4 , normal FSH and LH and high concentrations of E 2 . A series of weekly amniocenteses and intra-amniotic injections of levothyroxine was initiated, along with a reduction of the mother's methimazole dosage. The level of TSH in amniotic fluid was initially high, but was considerably reduced by each injection and followed by a gradual reduction of fetal goiter as well as the left ovarian cyst. The right cyst ruptured spontaneously. At 36 weeks + 4 days, the patient underwent elective caesarean section and gave birth to a female, weighing 2,880 g with 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 10. The thyroid gland appeared normal in size, and cord blood TSH and free T 4 were both within normal limits. At ultrasound control 6 days later, the right ovarian cyst was not visible, while the left cyst was still present. Thus, our report supports previous findings that fetal goiter can be treated successfully with intra-amniotic injection of levothyroxine.More importantly, it shows that fetal hypothyroidism with elevated levels of TSH can be accompanied by ovarian cysts,suggesting interference between thyreotropic and gonadotropic hormones.

KW - Amniocentesis

KW - Amniotic Fluid

KW - Antithyroid Agents

KW - Cesarean Section

KW - Female

KW - Fetal Blood

KW - Follicle Stimulating Hormone

KW - Goiter

KW - Graves Disease

KW - Humans

KW - Infant, Newborn

KW - Luteinizing Hormone

KW - Maternal-Fetal Exchange

KW - Methimazole

KW - Ovarian Cysts

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Pregnancy Complications

KW - Thyrotropin

KW - Thyroxine

U2 - 10.1159/000111593

DO - 10.1159/000111593

M3 - Journal article

VL - 23

SP - 132

EP - 135

JO - Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy

JF - Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy

SN - 1015-3837

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 38125357