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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Factors associated with favorable changes in food preferences after bariatric surgery

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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  1. Plasma GDF15 levels are similar between subjects after bariatric surgery and matched controls and are unaffected by meals

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  2. Neprilysin inhibition increases glucagon levels in humans and mice with potential effects on amino acid metabolism

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  3. On premises and principles for measurement of gastrointestinal peptide hormones

    Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

  • Mette S Nielsen
  • Bodil J Christensen
  • Christian Ritz
  • Lotte Holm
  • Susanne Lunn
  • Louise Tækker
  • Julie Berg Schmidt
  • Wender L P Bredie
  • Nicolai J Wewer Albrechtsen
  • Jens J Holst
  • Anja Hilbert
  • Carel W le Roux
  • Anders Sjödin
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PURPOSE: Bariatric surgery may shift food preferences towards less energy-dense foods. Eating behavior is multifactorial, and the mechanisms driving changes in food preferences could be a combination of a physiological response to surgery and social and psychological factors. This exploratory study aimed to identify potential factors explaining the variation in changes in food preferences after bariatric surgery.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Physiological, social, and psychological data were collected before, 6 weeks or 6 months after surgery. All variables were analyzed in combination using LASSO regression to explain the variation in changes in energy density at an ad libitum buffet meal 6 months after bariatric surgery (n=39).

RESULTS: The following factors explained 69% of the variation in changes in food preferences after surgery and were associated with more favorable changes in food preferences (i.e., a larger decrease in energy density): female gender, increased secretion of glicentin, a larger decrease in the hedonic rating of sweet and fat and a fatty cocoa drink, a lower number of recent life crises, a low degree of social eating pressure, fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for binge eating disorder, less effort needed to obtain preoperative weight loss, a smaller household composition, a lower degree of self-efficacy and a higher degree of depression, nutritional regime competence, and psychosocial risk level.

CONCLUSION: Factors explaining the variation in altered food preferences after bariatric surgery not only include a physiological response to surgery but also social and psychological factors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume31
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)3514-3524
Number of pages11
ISSN0960-8923
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

    Research areas

  • Cross-disciplinary research, Eating behavior, Food choice, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, Sleeve gastrectomy

ID: 66795232