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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital

"Endothelial Dysfunction in Resuscitated Cardiac Arrest (ENDO-RCA): Safety and efficacy of low-dose Iloprost, a prostacyclin analogue, in addition to standard therapy, as compared to standard therapy alone, in post-cardiac-arrest-syndrome patients."

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OBJECTIVE: An increasingly recognized prognostic factor for out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest (OHCA) patients is the ischemia-reperfusion injury after restored blood circulation. Endothelial injury is common in patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest and is associated with poor outcome. This study was designed to investigate if iloprost infusion, a prostacyclin analogue, reduces endothelial damage in OHCA patients.

METHODS: 50 patients were randomized in a placebo controlled double-blinded trial and allocated 1:2 to 48-hours iloprost infusion, (1 ng/kg/min) or placebo (saline infusion). Endothelial biomarkers (soluble thrombomodulin (sTM), sE-selectin, syndecan-1, soluble vascular endothelial growth factor (sVEGF), vascular endothelial cadherine (VEcad), nucleosomes) and sympathoadrenal activation (epinephrine/norepinephrine) from baseline to 48 and 96-hours were evaluated.

RESULTS: Iloprost infusion did not influence endothelial biomarkers by the 48-hour endpoint. A rebound effect was observed with higher biomarker plasma values in the iloprost group (sTM p=0.02; Syndecan p=0.004; nucleosomes p<0.001; VEcad p<0.03) after 96-hours. There was a significant difference in 180-day mortality in favor of placebo. There was no difference regarding total adverse events between groups (p=0.73). Two patients were withdrawn in the iloprost group due to hypotension.

CONCLUSIONS: The administration of low-dose iloprost (1ng/kg/min) to OHCA patients did not significantly influence endothelial biomarkers as measured by the 48- hour endpoint. A rebound effect was however observed in the 96-hour statistical model, with increasing endothelial biomarker levels after cessation of the iloprost-infusion.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Pages (from-to)9-20
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

ID: 58573997