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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Early Q-wave morphology in prediction of reperfusion success in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention - A cardiac magnetic resonance imaging study

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BACKGROUND: Pathological Q-wave (QW) in the electrocardiogram (ECG) before primary percutaneous coronary intervention (primary PCI) is a strong prognostic marker in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, current binary QW criteria are either not clinically applicable or have a lack of diagnostic performance. Accordingly, we evaluated the association between duration, depth and area of QW and markers of the effect of reperfusion (reperfusion success).

METHODS: A total of 516 patients with their first STEMI had obtained an ECG before primary PCI and an acute cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) at day 1 (interquartile range [IQR], 1-1) and at follow-up at day 92 (IQR, 89-96). The largest measurable QW in ECG was used for analysis of duration, depth and area of QW (QW morphology). The QW morphology was evaluated as a continuous variable in linear regression models and as a variable divided in four equally large groups.

RESULTS: The QW morphology as four equally large groups was significantly associated with all CMR endpoints (p ≤ 0.001) and showed a linear relationship (p ≤ 0.001) with final infarct size (for QW duration, β = 0.47; QW depth, β = 0.41 and QW area, β = 0.39), final infarct transmurality (for QW duration, β = 0.36; QW depth, β = 0.26 and QW area, β = 0.23) and final myocardial salvage index (for QW duration, β = -0.34; QW depth, β = -0.26 and QW area, β = -0.24).

CONCLUSION: Although modest, the QW morphology in STEMI patients showed significant linear association with markers of reperfusion success. Hence, it is suggested that the term pathological is not used as a dichotomous parameter in patients with STEMI but rather evaluated on the basis of extent.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
Volume58
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
ISSN0022-0736
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Catheterization, Electrocardiogram, Magnetic resonance imaging, Myocardial infarction, Reperfusion

ID: 59124238