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Dopamine plasma clearance is increased in piglets compared to neonates during continuous dopamine infusion

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@article{3712b6c4716c417b829fcfac1cc5761f,
title = "Dopamine plasma clearance is increased in piglets compared to neonates during continuous dopamine infusion",
abstract = "AIM: Piglets models have often been used to study the effects of dopamine infusion on hypotension in neonates. However, piglets need higher doses of dopamine than neonates to increase blood pressure. We investigated whether this difference was due to interspecific difference in dopamine pharmacokinetics.METHODS: Arterial blood samples were drawn from six neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Copenhagen University Hospital and 20 newborn piglets during continuous dopamine infusion. Furthermore, to estimate the piglet plasma dopamine half-life, blood samples were drawn at 2.5-minute intervals after the dopamine infusion was discontinued. The plasma dopamine content was analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.RESULTS: The dopamine displayed first-order kinetics in piglets and had a half-life of 2.5 minutes, while the median plasma clearance was 627.9 mL/kg/minute (interquartile range 452.6-1914.4). Both piglets and neonates showed large interindividual variations in plasma clearance, but the median tended to be lower in neonates (384.9, interquartile range 114.2-480.2 mL/kg/minute).CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that pharmacokinetic differences may explain the interspecific difference in required doses of dopamine infusion to increase blood pressure. This is important when translating the results obtained in piglet models to treating neonatal hypotension with dopamine.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Rasmussen, {Martin B} and Gramsbergen, {Jan Bert} and Eriksen, {Vibeke R} and Gorm Greisen",
note = "{\circledC}2017 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1111/apa.14018",
language = "English",
volume = "107",
pages = "249--254",
journal = "Acta paediatrica",
issn = "1651-2227",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dopamine plasma clearance is increased in piglets compared to neonates during continuous dopamine infusion

AU - Rasmussen, Martin B

AU - Gramsbergen, Jan Bert

AU - Eriksen, Vibeke R

AU - Greisen, Gorm

N1 - ©2017 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - AIM: Piglets models have often been used to study the effects of dopamine infusion on hypotension in neonates. However, piglets need higher doses of dopamine than neonates to increase blood pressure. We investigated whether this difference was due to interspecific difference in dopamine pharmacokinetics.METHODS: Arterial blood samples were drawn from six neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Copenhagen University Hospital and 20 newborn piglets during continuous dopamine infusion. Furthermore, to estimate the piglet plasma dopamine half-life, blood samples were drawn at 2.5-minute intervals after the dopamine infusion was discontinued. The plasma dopamine content was analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.RESULTS: The dopamine displayed first-order kinetics in piglets and had a half-life of 2.5 minutes, while the median plasma clearance was 627.9 mL/kg/minute (interquartile range 452.6-1914.4). Both piglets and neonates showed large interindividual variations in plasma clearance, but the median tended to be lower in neonates (384.9, interquartile range 114.2-480.2 mL/kg/minute).CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that pharmacokinetic differences may explain the interspecific difference in required doses of dopamine infusion to increase blood pressure. This is important when translating the results obtained in piglet models to treating neonatal hypotension with dopamine.

AB - AIM: Piglets models have often been used to study the effects of dopamine infusion on hypotension in neonates. However, piglets need higher doses of dopamine than neonates to increase blood pressure. We investigated whether this difference was due to interspecific difference in dopamine pharmacokinetics.METHODS: Arterial blood samples were drawn from six neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Copenhagen University Hospital and 20 newborn piglets during continuous dopamine infusion. Furthermore, to estimate the piglet plasma dopamine half-life, blood samples were drawn at 2.5-minute intervals after the dopamine infusion was discontinued. The plasma dopamine content was analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection.RESULTS: The dopamine displayed first-order kinetics in piglets and had a half-life of 2.5 minutes, while the median plasma clearance was 627.9 mL/kg/minute (interquartile range 452.6-1914.4). Both piglets and neonates showed large interindividual variations in plasma clearance, but the median tended to be lower in neonates (384.9, interquartile range 114.2-480.2 mL/kg/minute).CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that pharmacokinetic differences may explain the interspecific difference in required doses of dopamine infusion to increase blood pressure. This is important when translating the results obtained in piglet models to treating neonatal hypotension with dopamine.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1111/apa.14018

DO - 10.1111/apa.14018

M3 - Journal article

VL - 107

SP - 249

EP - 254

JO - Acta paediatrica

JF - Acta paediatrica

SN - 1651-2227

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 52372203