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Development of Sarcopenia in Patients With Bladder Cancer: A Systematic Review

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@article{27549794b53e4183843a5862a0a7ccf1,
title = "Development of Sarcopenia in Patients With Bladder Cancer: A Systematic Review",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is known to influence cancer-related complications and overall survival. However, the effect of cancer treatment on the development or progression of sarcopenia is relatively unknown. The primary aim of this systematic review was to determine the prevalence and development of sarcopenia among people with bladder cancer.DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE. Studies with ≥2 assessments of sarcopenia were eligible for inclusion. Five retrospective cohorts were included with a total of 438 participants. The baseline prevalence of sarcopenia across studies varied from 25% to 69% and post-treatment prevalence from 50% to 81%. The average loss of muscle mass was 2.2% to 10% during a time course of 3 to 12 months.CONCLUSION: The prevalence of sarcopenia markedly increased during cancer treatment in patients with bladder cancer. Further research into the effect of different treatment regimens on the development of sarcopenia, and how these changes might affect functional capacity and survival is needed.IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: The development of sarcopenia is important to understand because of its negative affect on quality of life, complications, and mortality. Further, understanding how sarcopenia develops during treatment could potentially strengthen nurses' future care plans for patients with bladder cancer.",
keywords = "Bladder cancer, Prevalence, Sarcopenia, Systematic review",
author = "Hansen, {Tobias Tuse Dunk} and Omland, {Lise H{\o}j} and {von Heymann}, Annika and Christoffer Johansen and Clausen, {Mikkel Bek} and Charlotte Suetta and Helle Pappot and Rafn, {Bolette Skj{\o}dt}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151108",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "151108",
journal = "Seminars in Oncology Nursing",
issn = "0749-2081",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Development of Sarcopenia in Patients With Bladder Cancer

T2 - A Systematic Review

AU - Hansen, Tobias Tuse Dunk

AU - Omland, Lise Høj

AU - von Heymann, Annika

AU - Johansen, Christoffer

AU - Clausen, Mikkel Bek

AU - Suetta, Charlotte

AU - Pappot, Helle

AU - Rafn, Bolette Skjødt

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is known to influence cancer-related complications and overall survival. However, the effect of cancer treatment on the development or progression of sarcopenia is relatively unknown. The primary aim of this systematic review was to determine the prevalence and development of sarcopenia among people with bladder cancer.DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE. Studies with ≥2 assessments of sarcopenia were eligible for inclusion. Five retrospective cohorts were included with a total of 438 participants. The baseline prevalence of sarcopenia across studies varied from 25% to 69% and post-treatment prevalence from 50% to 81%. The average loss of muscle mass was 2.2% to 10% during a time course of 3 to 12 months.CONCLUSION: The prevalence of sarcopenia markedly increased during cancer treatment in patients with bladder cancer. Further research into the effect of different treatment regimens on the development of sarcopenia, and how these changes might affect functional capacity and survival is needed.IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: The development of sarcopenia is important to understand because of its negative affect on quality of life, complications, and mortality. Further, understanding how sarcopenia develops during treatment could potentially strengthen nurses' future care plans for patients with bladder cancer.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is known to influence cancer-related complications and overall survival. However, the effect of cancer treatment on the development or progression of sarcopenia is relatively unknown. The primary aim of this systematic review was to determine the prevalence and development of sarcopenia among people with bladder cancer.DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE. Studies with ≥2 assessments of sarcopenia were eligible for inclusion. Five retrospective cohorts were included with a total of 438 participants. The baseline prevalence of sarcopenia across studies varied from 25% to 69% and post-treatment prevalence from 50% to 81%. The average loss of muscle mass was 2.2% to 10% during a time course of 3 to 12 months.CONCLUSION: The prevalence of sarcopenia markedly increased during cancer treatment in patients with bladder cancer. Further research into the effect of different treatment regimens on the development of sarcopenia, and how these changes might affect functional capacity and survival is needed.IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: The development of sarcopenia is important to understand because of its negative affect on quality of life, complications, and mortality. Further, understanding how sarcopenia develops during treatment could potentially strengthen nurses' future care plans for patients with bladder cancer.

KW - Bladder cancer

KW - Prevalence

KW - Sarcopenia

KW - Systematic review

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85099154672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151108

DO - 10.1016/j.soncn.2020.151108

M3 - Review

C2 - 33431235

VL - 37

SP - 151108

JO - Seminars in Oncology Nursing

JF - Seminars in Oncology Nursing

SN - 0749-2081

IS - 1

M1 - 151108

ER -

ID: 61758987