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Cytomegalovirus-Specific CD4+ T-cell Responses and CMV-IgG Levels Are Associated With Neurocognitive Impairment in People Living With HIV

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@article{ae8f723966ee4c608af29d5afea2faaa,
title = "Cytomegalovirus-Specific CD4+ T-cell Responses and CMV-IgG Levels Are Associated With Neurocognitive Impairment in People Living With HIV",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Mechanisms leading to neurocognitive impairment (NCI) in people living with HIV (PLWHIV) on stable combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) remain unknown. We investigated the association between immunity against cytomegalovirus (CMV), HIV-specific variables, and NCI in PLWHIV on stable cART and with low comorbidity.METHODS: Fifty-two PLWHIV on stable cART and 31 HIV-uninfected controls matched on age, sex, education, and comorbidity were tested with a neurocognitive test battery, and CMV-immunoglobulin G (CMV-IgG) levels were measured. In PLWHIV, CMV-specific (CMV-pp65 and CMV-gB) CD4 and CD8 T-cell responses were measured using intracellular cytokine staining and flow cytometry. NCI was defined as a global deficit scale score (GDS score) ≥0.5. GDS scores and domain-specific scores defined severity of NCI. Logistic and linear multivariable regression analyses were used.RESULTS: NCI was detected in 30.8{\%} of PLWHIV, and HIV was associated with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 5.18 [95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 1.15 to 23.41, P = 0.033] for NCI. In PLWHIV, higher CMV-specific CD4 T-cell responses increased the probability of NCI with an aOR of 1.68 (95{\%} CI: 1.10 to 2.57) for CMV-pp65 or an aOR of 3.73 (95{\%} CI: 1.61 to 16.98) for CMV-gB, respectively. Similar associations were not found with CMV-IgG or CMV-specific CD8 T cells, but when assessing severity of NCI, higher CMV-IgG (per 100 U/mL) was associated with worse GDS scores (β = 0.08) (0.01-0.16), P = 0.044), specifically in the domain of speed of information processing (β = 0.20 (0.04-0.36, P = 0.019).CONCLUSIONS: PLWHIV had increased risk of NCI. Excess risk may be associated with CMV-specific CD4 T-cell responses and CMV-IgG. Larger longitudinal studies investigating the impact of immunity against CMV on risk of NCI are warranted.",
author = "Vibe Ballegaard and Pedersen, {Karin Kaereby} and Maria Pedersen and Peter Br{\ae}ndstrup and Nikolai Kirkby and Buus, {Anette Stryhn} and Ryder, {Lars P} and Jan Gerstoft and Nielsen, {Susanne Dam}",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/QAI.0000000000001753",
language = "English",
volume = "79",
pages = "117--125",
journal = "Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes",
issn = "1525-4135",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cytomegalovirus-Specific CD4+ T-cell Responses and CMV-IgG Levels Are Associated With Neurocognitive Impairment in People Living With HIV

AU - Ballegaard, Vibe

AU - Pedersen, Karin Kaereby

AU - Pedersen, Maria

AU - Brændstrup, Peter

AU - Kirkby, Nikolai

AU - Buus, Anette Stryhn

AU - Ryder, Lars P

AU - Gerstoft, Jan

AU - Nielsen, Susanne Dam

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Mechanisms leading to neurocognitive impairment (NCI) in people living with HIV (PLWHIV) on stable combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) remain unknown. We investigated the association between immunity against cytomegalovirus (CMV), HIV-specific variables, and NCI in PLWHIV on stable cART and with low comorbidity.METHODS: Fifty-two PLWHIV on stable cART and 31 HIV-uninfected controls matched on age, sex, education, and comorbidity were tested with a neurocognitive test battery, and CMV-immunoglobulin G (CMV-IgG) levels were measured. In PLWHIV, CMV-specific (CMV-pp65 and CMV-gB) CD4 and CD8 T-cell responses were measured using intracellular cytokine staining and flow cytometry. NCI was defined as a global deficit scale score (GDS score) ≥0.5. GDS scores and domain-specific scores defined severity of NCI. Logistic and linear multivariable regression analyses were used.RESULTS: NCI was detected in 30.8% of PLWHIV, and HIV was associated with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 5.18 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15 to 23.41, P = 0.033] for NCI. In PLWHIV, higher CMV-specific CD4 T-cell responses increased the probability of NCI with an aOR of 1.68 (95% CI: 1.10 to 2.57) for CMV-pp65 or an aOR of 3.73 (95% CI: 1.61 to 16.98) for CMV-gB, respectively. Similar associations were not found with CMV-IgG or CMV-specific CD8 T cells, but when assessing severity of NCI, higher CMV-IgG (per 100 U/mL) was associated with worse GDS scores (β = 0.08) (0.01-0.16), P = 0.044), specifically in the domain of speed of information processing (β = 0.20 (0.04-0.36, P = 0.019).CONCLUSIONS: PLWHIV had increased risk of NCI. Excess risk may be associated with CMV-specific CD4 T-cell responses and CMV-IgG. Larger longitudinal studies investigating the impact of immunity against CMV on risk of NCI are warranted.

AB - BACKGROUND: Mechanisms leading to neurocognitive impairment (NCI) in people living with HIV (PLWHIV) on stable combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) remain unknown. We investigated the association between immunity against cytomegalovirus (CMV), HIV-specific variables, and NCI in PLWHIV on stable cART and with low comorbidity.METHODS: Fifty-two PLWHIV on stable cART and 31 HIV-uninfected controls matched on age, sex, education, and comorbidity were tested with a neurocognitive test battery, and CMV-immunoglobulin G (CMV-IgG) levels were measured. In PLWHIV, CMV-specific (CMV-pp65 and CMV-gB) CD4 and CD8 T-cell responses were measured using intracellular cytokine staining and flow cytometry. NCI was defined as a global deficit scale score (GDS score) ≥0.5. GDS scores and domain-specific scores defined severity of NCI. Logistic and linear multivariable regression analyses were used.RESULTS: NCI was detected in 30.8% of PLWHIV, and HIV was associated with an adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of 5.18 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15 to 23.41, P = 0.033] for NCI. In PLWHIV, higher CMV-specific CD4 T-cell responses increased the probability of NCI with an aOR of 1.68 (95% CI: 1.10 to 2.57) for CMV-pp65 or an aOR of 3.73 (95% CI: 1.61 to 16.98) for CMV-gB, respectively. Similar associations were not found with CMV-IgG or CMV-specific CD8 T cells, but when assessing severity of NCI, higher CMV-IgG (per 100 U/mL) was associated with worse GDS scores (β = 0.08) (0.01-0.16), P = 0.044), specifically in the domain of speed of information processing (β = 0.20 (0.04-0.36, P = 0.019).CONCLUSIONS: PLWHIV had increased risk of NCI. Excess risk may be associated with CMV-specific CD4 T-cell responses and CMV-IgG. Larger longitudinal studies investigating the impact of immunity against CMV on risk of NCI are warranted.

U2 - 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001753

DO - 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001753

M3 - Journal article

VL - 79

SP - 117

EP - 125

JO - Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes

JF - Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes

SN - 1525-4135

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 56392326