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Curriculum development for a national cardiotocography education program: A Delphi survey to obtain consensus on learning objectives

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OBJECTIVE: To define learning objectives for a national cardiotocography (CTG) education program based on expert consensus.

DESIGN: A three-round Delphi survey.

POPULATION AND SETTING: One midwife and one obstetrician from each maternity unit in Denmark were appointed based on CTG teaching experience and clinical obstetric experience.

METHODS: Founded on national and international guidelines the research group determined six topics as important when using CTG: fetal physiology, equipment, indication, interpretation, clinical management, and communication/responsibility. In the first Delphi round, participants listed one to five learning objectives within the predefined topics. Responses were analyzed by a directed approach to content analysis. Phrasing was modified in accordance with Bloom's Taxonomy. In the second and third Delphi rounds, participants rated each objective on a five-point relevance scale. Consensus was predefined as objectives with a mean rating value of ≥3.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A prioritized list of CTG learning objectives.

RESULTS: A total of 42 midwives and obstetricians from 21 maternity units were invited to participate of whom 26 completed all three Delphi rounds, representing 18 maternity units. The final prioritized list included 40 objectives. The highest ranked objectives emphasized CTG interpretation and clinical management. The lowest ranked objectives emphasized fetal physiology. Mean ratings of relevance ranged from 3.15 to 5.00.

CONCLUSIONS: National consensus on CTG learning objectives was achieved using the Delphi methodology. This was an initial step in developing a valid CTG education program. A prioritized list of objectives will clarify which topics to emphasize in a CTG education program. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Volume94
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)869-77
ISSN0001-6349
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2015

ID: 45315347