Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Comparison of two alternative wound closure methods for tumor arthroplasty of the hip: A frequency matched cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

DOI

  1. Conservative treatment of main thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: Full-time or nighttime bracing?

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  2. Treatment of benign and borderline bone tumors with combined curettage and bone defect reconstruction

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  3. Use of a distraction-to-stall lengthening procedure in magnetically controlled growing rods: A single-center cohort study

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  4. Mortality and health-related quality of life in patients surgically treated for spondylodiscitis

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

View graph of relations

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of an alternative wound closure method after tumor arthroplasty of the hip compared to routine wound closure with skin staples.

METHOD: Single center, frequency matched cohort study. We reviewed all patients who underwent tumor resection and endoprosthetic reconstruction of the proximal femur for pathologic fracture due to metastatic bone disease or malignant hematologic bone disease at our center between 2010 and 2014. All patients treated with occlusive wound closure (OWC), a combination of intradermal suture, Steri-Strips™, and an occlusive skin adhesive, during this period ( n = 35), were compared to an equally sized frequency matched group of patients having undergone routine wound closure with conventional skin staples.

RESULTS: Patients with OWC were significantly faster to achieve dry wound status and consequently had significantly shorter administration of antibiotics and hospital stay. Compared to the patients with conventional wound closure with staples, their wounds were already dry after a mean 3.4 days (vs. 6.7 days [95%CI: 3-3.8 vs. 5.5-7.9], p < 0.0001), they received antibiotics for a mean 4.2 days (vs. 6.8 days [95%CI: 3.7-4.8 vs. 5.5-8.0], p < 0.0003) and their mean hospital stay was 6.3 days (vs. 8.0 days [95%CI: 5.5-7 vs. 6.8-9.3], p < 0.015). Prolonged wound discharge (PWD) for 7 days or more was observed in 34% of patients ( n = 12) in the conventional group, whereas this complication was completely absent ( n = 0) in the investigational group. For every three patients treated with OWC, one complication of PWD over 7 days is avoided (number needed to treat = 3).

CONCLUSION: Compared to conventional staples, OWC appears to significantly reduce wound complications, use of antibiotics, and hospital stay in patients undergoing tumor arthroplasty procedures of the hip. As such, it may also contribute to a reduction of the substantially increased risk for prosthetic joint infection in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong)
Volume26
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)2309499018792436
ISSN1022-5536
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2018

ID: 56461822