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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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CO2 supplementation dissociates cerebral oxygenation and middle cerebral artery blood velocity during maximal cycling

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  • Rasmus K Hansen
  • Peter S Nielsen
  • Markus W Schelske
  • Niels H Secher
  • Stefanos Volianitis
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This study evaluated whether the reduction of prefrontal cortex oxygenation (ScO2 ) during maximal exercise depends on the hyperventilation-induced hypocapnic attenuation of middle cerebral artery blood velocity (MCA Vmean ). Twelve endurance-trained males (age: 25 ± 3 years, height: 183 ± 8 cm, weight: 75 ± 9 kg; mean ± SD) performed in three separate laboratory visits, a maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) test, an isocapnic (end-tidal CO2 tension (PetCO2 ) clamped at 40 ± 1 mmHg), and an ambient air controlled-pace constant load high-intensity ergometer cycling to exhaustion, while MCA Vmean (transcranial Doppler ultrasound) and ScO2 (near-infrared spectroscopy) were determined. Duration of exercise (12 min 25 s ± 1 min 18 s) was matched by performing the isocapnic trial first. Pulmonary VO2 was 90 ± 6% versus 93 ± 5% of the maximal value (P = .012) and PetCO2 40 ± 1 versus 34 ± 4 mmHg (P < .05) during the isocapnic and control trials, respectively. During the isocapnic trial MCA Vmean increased by 16 ± 13% until clamping was applied and continued to increase (by 14 ± 28%; P = .017) until the end of exercise, while there was no significant change during the control trial (P = .071). In contrast, ScO2 decreased similarly in both trials (-3.2 ± 5.1% and -4.1 ± 9.6%; P < .001, isocapnic and control, respectively) at exhaustion. The reduction in prefrontal cortex oxygenation during maximal exercise does not depend solely on lowered cerebral blood flow as indicated by middle cerebral blood velocity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
Volume30
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)399-407
Number of pages9
ISSN0905-7188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

    Research areas

  • Adult, Bicycling/physiology, Blood Flow Velocity, Carbon Dioxide/administration & dosage, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Humans, Male, Middle Cerebral Artery/physiology, Oxygen Consumption, Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial, Young Adult

ID: 62408497