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Association between Isometric and Allometric Height-Indexed Left Atrial Size and Atrial Fibrillation

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  • Flemming Javier Olsen
  • Rasmus Møgelvang
  • Daniel Modin
  • Peter Schnohr
  • Gorm Boje Jensen
  • Tor Biering-Sørensen
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BACKGROUND: Height-based indexations for the evaluation of left atrial (LA) volumes have been proposed as an alternative method to account for body stature when body composition is abnormal. The aim of this study was to derive reference values for these indexation methods and to examine their association with atrial fibrillation (AF).

METHODS: A healthy population was randomly split into derivation and validation cohorts (n = 493 each). The derivation cohort was used to derive reference values for iso- and allometric height-indexed LA volumes. Echocardiography included measurement of maximal LA volume (LAVmax) and minimal LA volume (LAVmin). Associations between these measures and AF were investigated in the validation cohort. Cox proportional-hazards regression was performed, adjusting for CHARGE-AF (Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology Atrial Fibrillation) risk score.

RESULTS: From 986 healthy subjects, allometric height-indexed exponents were determined to 1.72 and 1.56 for LAVmax and LAVmin, respectively. Upper reference values were determined to be LAVmax > 22.1 mL/m1.72 and LAVmin > 12.7 mL/m1.56. In the validation cohort, 41 patients (8%) developed AF during follow-up (median, 14.7 years). In unadjusted analyses, both isometric and allometric indexed LAVmax were associated with AF (hazard ratio, 1.07 [95% CI, 1.03-1.11; P < .001] and 1.11 [95% CI, 1.05-1.18; P < .001] per 1 mL/m and 1 mL/m1.72 increase, respectively) with equal C statistics of 0.63. Height-indexed LAVmin was also associated with AF, with higher C statistics than for LAVmax. All findings were consistent after multivariable adjustment. LAVmax > 22.1 mL/m1.72 posed an increased risk for AF (hazard ratio, 4.65; 95% CI, 1.83-11.86), but LAVmin > 12.7 mL/m1.56 carried a higher risk (hazard ratio, 6.33; 95% CI, 2.66-15.07).

CONCLUSIONS: Both isometric and allometric height-indexed LA volumes are associated with AF in the general population. LAVmin is more strongly associated with AF than LAVmax regardless of indexation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume35
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)141-150.e4
ISSN0894-7317
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2021 American Society of Echocardiography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

ID: 74082056