Research
Print page Print page
Switch language
Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
Published

Are remitted affective disorders and familial risk of affective disorders associated with metabolic syndrome, inflammation and oxidative stress? - a monozygotic twin study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Ottesen, Ninja Meinhard ; Meluken, Iselin ; Frikke-Schmidt, Ruth ; Plomgaard, Peter ; Scheike, Thomas ; Fernandes, Brisa S ; Berk, Michael ; Poulsen, Henrik Enghusen ; Kessing, Lars Vedel ; Miskowiak, Kamilla ; Vinberg, Maj. / Are remitted affective disorders and familial risk of affective disorders associated with metabolic syndrome, inflammation and oxidative stress? - a monozygotic twin study. In: Psychological Medicine. 2020 ; Vol. 50, No. 10. pp. 1736-1745.

Bibtex

@article{c60bd760908249efac5fb8c11cc92d9f,
title = "Are remitted affective disorders and familial risk of affective disorders associated with metabolic syndrome, inflammation and oxidative stress? - a monozygotic twin study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with reduced life expectancy in patients with affective disorders, however, whether MetS also plays a role before the onset of affective disorder is unknown. We aimed to investigate whether MetS, inflammatory markers or oxidative stress act as risk factors for affective disorders, and whether MetS is associated with increased inflammation and oxidative stress.METHODS: We conducted a high-risk study including 204 monozygotic (MZ) twins with unipolar or bipolar disorder in remission or partial remission (affected), their unaffected co-twins (high-risk) and twins with no personal or family history of affective disorder (low-risk). Metabolic Syndrome was ascertained according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Inflammatory markers and markers of oxidative stress were analyzed from fasting blood and urine samples, respectively.RESULTS: The affected and the high-risk group had a significantly higher prevalence of MetS compared to the low-risk group (20% v. 15% v. 2.5%, p = 0.0006), even after adjusting for sex, age, smoking and alcohol consumption. No differences in inflammatory and oxidative markers were seen between the three groups. Further, MetS was associated with alterations in inflammatory markers, and oxidative stress was modestly correlated with inflammation.CONCLUSION: Metabolic syndrome is associated with low-grade inflammation and may act as a risk factor and a trait marker for affective disorders. If confirmed in longitudinal studies, this suggests the importance of early intervention and preventive approaches targeted towards unhealthy lifestyle factors that may contribute to later psychopathology.",
keywords = "Affective disorder, inflammation, metabolic syndrome, monozygotic twins, oxidative stress, risk factors",
author = "Ottesen, {Ninja Meinhard} and Iselin Meluken and Ruth Frikke-Schmidt and Peter Plomgaard and Thomas Scheike and Fernandes, {Brisa S} and Michael Berk and Poulsen, {Henrik Enghusen} and Kessing, {Lars Vedel} and Kamilla Miskowiak and Maj Vinberg",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1017/S003329171900182X",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "1736--1745",
journal = "Psychological Medicine",
issn = "0033-2917",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are remitted affective disorders and familial risk of affective disorders associated with metabolic syndrome, inflammation and oxidative stress? - a monozygotic twin study

AU - Ottesen, Ninja Meinhard

AU - Meluken, Iselin

AU - Frikke-Schmidt, Ruth

AU - Plomgaard, Peter

AU - Scheike, Thomas

AU - Fernandes, Brisa S

AU - Berk, Michael

AU - Poulsen, Henrik Enghusen

AU - Kessing, Lars Vedel

AU - Miskowiak, Kamilla

AU - Vinberg, Maj

PY - 2020/7

Y1 - 2020/7

N2 - BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with reduced life expectancy in patients with affective disorders, however, whether MetS also plays a role before the onset of affective disorder is unknown. We aimed to investigate whether MetS, inflammatory markers or oxidative stress act as risk factors for affective disorders, and whether MetS is associated with increased inflammation and oxidative stress.METHODS: We conducted a high-risk study including 204 monozygotic (MZ) twins with unipolar or bipolar disorder in remission or partial remission (affected), their unaffected co-twins (high-risk) and twins with no personal or family history of affective disorder (low-risk). Metabolic Syndrome was ascertained according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Inflammatory markers and markers of oxidative stress were analyzed from fasting blood and urine samples, respectively.RESULTS: The affected and the high-risk group had a significantly higher prevalence of MetS compared to the low-risk group (20% v. 15% v. 2.5%, p = 0.0006), even after adjusting for sex, age, smoking and alcohol consumption. No differences in inflammatory and oxidative markers were seen between the three groups. Further, MetS was associated with alterations in inflammatory markers, and oxidative stress was modestly correlated with inflammation.CONCLUSION: Metabolic syndrome is associated with low-grade inflammation and may act as a risk factor and a trait marker for affective disorders. If confirmed in longitudinal studies, this suggests the importance of early intervention and preventive approaches targeted towards unhealthy lifestyle factors that may contribute to later psychopathology.

AB - BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with reduced life expectancy in patients with affective disorders, however, whether MetS also plays a role before the onset of affective disorder is unknown. We aimed to investigate whether MetS, inflammatory markers or oxidative stress act as risk factors for affective disorders, and whether MetS is associated with increased inflammation and oxidative stress.METHODS: We conducted a high-risk study including 204 monozygotic (MZ) twins with unipolar or bipolar disorder in remission or partial remission (affected), their unaffected co-twins (high-risk) and twins with no personal or family history of affective disorder (low-risk). Metabolic Syndrome was ascertained according to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Inflammatory markers and markers of oxidative stress were analyzed from fasting blood and urine samples, respectively.RESULTS: The affected and the high-risk group had a significantly higher prevalence of MetS compared to the low-risk group (20% v. 15% v. 2.5%, p = 0.0006), even after adjusting for sex, age, smoking and alcohol consumption. No differences in inflammatory and oxidative markers were seen between the three groups. Further, MetS was associated with alterations in inflammatory markers, and oxidative stress was modestly correlated with inflammation.CONCLUSION: Metabolic syndrome is associated with low-grade inflammation and may act as a risk factor and a trait marker for affective disorders. If confirmed in longitudinal studies, this suggests the importance of early intervention and preventive approaches targeted towards unhealthy lifestyle factors that may contribute to later psychopathology.

KW - Affective disorder

KW - inflammation

KW - metabolic syndrome

KW - monozygotic twins

KW - oxidative stress

KW - risk factors

U2 - 10.1017/S003329171900182X

DO - 10.1017/S003329171900182X

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31482770

VL - 50

SP - 1736

EP - 1745

JO - Psychological Medicine

JF - Psychological Medicine

SN - 0033-2917

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 57933266