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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Anti-müllerian hormone levels are reduced in women living with human immunodeficiency virus compared to control women: a case-control study from Copenhagen, Denmark

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  1. HIV disclosure and stigma among women living with HIV in Denmark

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Objectives: Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is a marker of ovarian reserve. The purpose of this study was to compare AMH in women living with HIV with an age-matched control group of HIV-uninfected women, and to identify possible variables associated with decreasing AMH levels in women living with HIV.

Methods: AMH was measured in frozen EDTA samples from 84 white women living with HIV, aged 20 -40 years, with fully suppressed HIV RNA viral loads for at least 6 months and no hepatitis B or C virus co-infection. All women living with HIV were age-matched with HIV-uninfected control women.

Results: Eighty-four women living with HIV and 252 control women were included. Median age for the women living with HIV was 33.5 years (interquartile range [IQR] 30.6-35.3), and 33.2 years (IQR 30.6-35.5) for the control women. A significant difference (P=0.03) was found in the mean AMH levels for all age groups combined, which was 17.23 pmol/L (95% confidence interval [CI] 14.56-19.89) in the women living with HIV versus 21.65 pmol/L (95% CI 19.50-23.81) in the control women, although levels were within reference limits in both groups.Only increasing age was significantly associated with decreasing AMH levels and not CD4 cell count, AIDS prior to inclusion, antiretroviral treatment/lack of treatment or antiretroviral treatment regimen.

Conclusions: Well-treated, white women living with HIV in Denmark, have reduced AMH levels compared with age-matched control HIV-uninfected women. The only variable associated with decreasing AMH levels in women living with HIV was increasing age.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of virus eradication
Volume4
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
ISSN2055-6640
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

ID: 56390456