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Antibiotic use in a tertiary healthcare facility in Ghana: a point prevalence survey

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  3. Physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions concerning antibiotic resistance: a survey in a Ghanaian tertiary care hospital

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  • Appiah-Korang Labi
  • Noah Obeng-Nkrumah
  • Edmund Tetteh Nartey
  • Stephanie Bjerrum
  • Nii Armah Adu-Aryee
  • Yaw Adjei Ofori-Adjei
  • Alfred E Yawson
  • Mercy J Newman
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Background: The global rise and spread of antibiotic resistance is limiting the usefulness of antibiotics in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. The use of antibiotic stewardship programs guided by local data on prescribing practices is a useful strategy to control and reduce antibiotic resistance. Our objective in this study was to determine the prevalence and indications for use of antibiotics at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital Accra, Ghana.

Methods: An antibiotic point prevalence survey was conducted among inpatients of the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital between February and March 2016. Folders and treatment charts of patients on admission at participating departments were reviewed for antibiotics administered or scheduled to be administered on the day of the survey. Data on indication for use were also collected. Prevalence of antibiotic use was determined by dividing the number of inpatients on antibiotics at the time of survey by the total number of patients on admission.

Results: Of the 677 inpatients surveyed, 348 (51.4%, 95% CI, 47.6-55.2) were on treatment with antibiotics. Prevalence was highest among Paediatric surgery where 20/22 patients (90.9%, 95% CI, 70.8-98.9) were administered antibiotics and lowest among Obstetrics patients with 77/214 (36%, 95% CI, 29.5-42.8). The indications for antibiotic use were 245/611 (40.1%) for community-acquired infections, 205/611 (33.6%) for surgical prophylaxis, 129/611 (21.1%) for healthcare associated infections and 33/611 (5.4%) for medical prophylaxis. The top five antibiotics prescribed in the hospital were metronidazole 107 (17.5%), amoxicillin-clavulinic acid 82 (13.4%), ceftriaxone 17(12.1%), cefuroxime 61 (10.0%), and cloxacillin 52 (8.5%) respectively. Prevalence of meropenem and vancomycin use was 12(2%) and 1 (.2%) respectively. The majority of patients 181 (52%) were being treated with two antibiotics.

Conclusion: This study indicated a high prevalence of antibiotic use among inpatients at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. Metronidazole was the most commonly used antibiotic; mainly for surgical prophylaxis. There is the need to further explore factors contributing to the high prevalence of antibiotic use and develop strategies for appropriate antibiotic use in the hospital.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAntimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Pages (from-to)15
Publication statusPublished - 2018

ID: 56447812