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Rigshospitalet - a part of Copenhagen University Hospital
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Abnormal levels of adipokines in adolescent offspring of women with type 1 diabetes - Results from the EPICOM study

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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: To investigate long-term consequences of diabetes during pregnancy, we determined adiponectin and leptin levels in adolescents born by women with type 1 diabetic (T1D) or non-diabetic mothers, and determined associations between adiponectin and leptin levels in adolescence and the magnitude of intrauterine hyperglycemia.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We measured serum adiponectin and leptin and calculated leptin to adiponectin ratio (LAR) in 271 offspring of T1D women (index offspring) (13-20years), and 297 matched control offspring. Anthropometry included total body fat (TBF) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and an oral glucose tolerance test.

RESULTS: Adiponectin levels were lower in index females (-8.0% (95% CI; -13.9, -1.6)), but not in index males (0.4% (95% CI; -7.3, 8.6)). Leptin levels were approximately 30% higher in index than control offspring, irrespective of gender. In males, this was seen despite similar TBF in index and control offspring. LAR was increased in index offspring (both males and females) compared with control offspring. There were no association between offspring adiponectin and maternal HbA1c levels in pregnancy. Leptin and LAR seemed to be associated with third trimester HbA1c levels in females in unadjusted, but not adjusted analyses.

CONCLUSION: Male and female offspring of women with T1D demonstrated increased serum leptin and LAR, whereas serum adiponectin was reduced in females only. These results suggest that abnormal regulation of adipokines is a consequence of being born to mothers with T1D. No direct association between maternal glycemic control and adiponectin and leptin levels or LAR in the adolescence was found.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01559181.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMetabolism
Volume72
Pages (from-to)47-56
Number of pages10
ISSN0026-0495
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

ID: 50651461