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Witnessed and unwitnessed sudden cardiac death: a nationwide study of persons aged 1-35 years

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@article{b9f2b6fdcf42479fbf2619fb2f22b5b9,
title = "Witnessed and unwitnessed sudden cardiac death: a nationwide study of persons aged 1-35 years",
abstract = "AIMS: The aim of this study is to compare clinical characteristics and causes of death among witnessed and unwitnessed sudden cardiac death (SCD) cases aged 1-35 years.METHODS AND RESULTS: In this retrospective nationwide study, all deaths in persons aged 1-35 years in Denmark during 2000-09 were included (23.7 million person-years). Using the in-depth descriptive Danish death certificates and Danish nationwide registries, 860 cases of sudden, unexpected death were identified. Through review of autopsy reports and register data, we identified 635 cases of SCD of which 266 (42%) were witnessed and 326 (51%) were unwitnessed. In 43 cases (7%), witnessed status was missing. Clinical characteristics were overall similar between the two groups. We found a male predominance among unwitnessed SCD compared to witnessed SCD (71% and 62%, respectively, P-value 0.012), as well as more psychiatric comorbidity (20% and 13%, respectively, P-value 0.029). Unwitnessed SCD more often occurred during sleep whereas witnessed SCD more often occurred while the individual was awake and relaxed (P-value < 0.001). The autopsy rate among all SCD cases was 70% with no significant difference in autopsy rate between the two groups. Sudden unexplained death, which was the leading autopsy conclusion in both groups, was more frequent among unwitnessed SCD (P-value 0.001).CONCLUSION: Several clinical characteristics and autopsy findings were similar between witnessed and unwitnessed SCD cases. Our data support the inclusion of both witnessed and unwitnessed cases in epidemiological studies of SCD cases aged 1-35 years, although the risk of misclassification is higher among unwitnessed and non-autopsied cases of SCD.",
keywords = "Autopsy, Clinical characteristics, Epidemiology, Sudden cardiac death, Unwitnessed, Witnessed",
author = "Jesper Svane and Lynge, {Thomas Hadberg} and Hansen, {Carl Johann} and Bjarke Risgaard and Winkel, {Bo Gregers} and Jacob Tfelt-Hansen",
note = "Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. {\textcopyright} The Author(s) 2021. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.",
year = "2021",
month = jun,
day = "7",
doi = "10.1093/europace/euab017",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "898--906",
journal = "Europace",
issn = "1099-5129",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Witnessed and unwitnessed sudden cardiac death

T2 - a nationwide study of persons aged 1-35 years

AU - Svane, Jesper

AU - Lynge, Thomas Hadberg

AU - Hansen, Carl Johann

AU - Risgaard, Bjarke

AU - Winkel, Bo Gregers

AU - Tfelt-Hansen, Jacob

N1 - Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author(s) 2021. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

PY - 2021/6/7

Y1 - 2021/6/7

N2 - AIMS: The aim of this study is to compare clinical characteristics and causes of death among witnessed and unwitnessed sudden cardiac death (SCD) cases aged 1-35 years.METHODS AND RESULTS: In this retrospective nationwide study, all deaths in persons aged 1-35 years in Denmark during 2000-09 were included (23.7 million person-years). Using the in-depth descriptive Danish death certificates and Danish nationwide registries, 860 cases of sudden, unexpected death were identified. Through review of autopsy reports and register data, we identified 635 cases of SCD of which 266 (42%) were witnessed and 326 (51%) were unwitnessed. In 43 cases (7%), witnessed status was missing. Clinical characteristics were overall similar between the two groups. We found a male predominance among unwitnessed SCD compared to witnessed SCD (71% and 62%, respectively, P-value 0.012), as well as more psychiatric comorbidity (20% and 13%, respectively, P-value 0.029). Unwitnessed SCD more often occurred during sleep whereas witnessed SCD more often occurred while the individual was awake and relaxed (P-value < 0.001). The autopsy rate among all SCD cases was 70% with no significant difference in autopsy rate between the two groups. Sudden unexplained death, which was the leading autopsy conclusion in both groups, was more frequent among unwitnessed SCD (P-value 0.001).CONCLUSION: Several clinical characteristics and autopsy findings were similar between witnessed and unwitnessed SCD cases. Our data support the inclusion of both witnessed and unwitnessed cases in epidemiological studies of SCD cases aged 1-35 years, although the risk of misclassification is higher among unwitnessed and non-autopsied cases of SCD.

AB - AIMS: The aim of this study is to compare clinical characteristics and causes of death among witnessed and unwitnessed sudden cardiac death (SCD) cases aged 1-35 years.METHODS AND RESULTS: In this retrospective nationwide study, all deaths in persons aged 1-35 years in Denmark during 2000-09 were included (23.7 million person-years). Using the in-depth descriptive Danish death certificates and Danish nationwide registries, 860 cases of sudden, unexpected death were identified. Through review of autopsy reports and register data, we identified 635 cases of SCD of which 266 (42%) were witnessed and 326 (51%) were unwitnessed. In 43 cases (7%), witnessed status was missing. Clinical characteristics were overall similar between the two groups. We found a male predominance among unwitnessed SCD compared to witnessed SCD (71% and 62%, respectively, P-value 0.012), as well as more psychiatric comorbidity (20% and 13%, respectively, P-value 0.029). Unwitnessed SCD more often occurred during sleep whereas witnessed SCD more often occurred while the individual was awake and relaxed (P-value < 0.001). The autopsy rate among all SCD cases was 70% with no significant difference in autopsy rate between the two groups. Sudden unexplained death, which was the leading autopsy conclusion in both groups, was more frequent among unwitnessed SCD (P-value 0.001).CONCLUSION: Several clinical characteristics and autopsy findings were similar between witnessed and unwitnessed SCD cases. Our data support the inclusion of both witnessed and unwitnessed cases in epidemiological studies of SCD cases aged 1-35 years, although the risk of misclassification is higher among unwitnessed and non-autopsied cases of SCD.

KW - Autopsy

KW - Clinical characteristics

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Sudden cardiac death

KW - Unwitnessed

KW - Witnessed

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85108020516&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/europace/euab017

DO - 10.1093/europace/euab017

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33595080

VL - 23

SP - 898

EP - 906

JO - Europace

JF - Europace

SN - 1099-5129

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 62373096