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Rigshospitalet - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

Whole-body Magnetic Resonance Imaging Inflammation in Peripheral Joints and Entheses in Axial Spondyloarthritis: Distribution and Changes during Adalimumab Treatment

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution of whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) inflammatory lesions of peripheral joints and entheses, and their response to adalimumab (ADA) treatment and agreement with clinical measures of disease activity in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA).

METHODS: Explorative analysis of an investigator-initiated randomized controlled trial of ADA. WB-MRI was performed at weeks 0, 6, 24, and 48. Detailed analyses of WB-MRI lesions in peripheral joints and entheses were performed, including agreement with clinical measures of disease activity.

RESULTS: WB-MRI inflammatory lesions were most frequently observed in the acromioclavicular, metatarsophalangeal, and wrist joints (> 10% of joints), and at the greater trochanter, calcaneal insertion of the Achilles tendon, and ischial tuberosity (> 15% of entheses). Inflammation resolved in ≥ 2/3 of involved sternoclavicular, metacarpophalangeal, first carpometacarpal, hip, and tarsometatarsal joints, and pubic symphyses and medial femoral condyles. In contrast, inflammation resolved in ≤ 1/6 of involved acromioclavicular joints, knee joints, and supraspinatus tendon insertions at humerus. Tenderness of joints and entheses agreed poorly with WB-MRI inflammation (κ < 0.40). Joint tenderness resolved more frequently in MRI-positive than MRI-negative joints (8/13, 62% vs 9/34, 26%) after 6 weeks of active treatment.

CONCLUSION: Inflammatory lesions of peripheral joints and entheses in patients with predominantly axSpA, and changes therein, can be mapped using WB-MRI, and it may contribute to differentiate between inflammatory and noninflammatory joint tenderness. (Trial registration: ClinicalTrials NCT01029847).

TidsskriftJournal of Rheumatology
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)50-58
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2020

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