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Rigshospitalet - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
E-pub ahead of print

The relationship between volumetric thoracic bone mineral density and coronary calcification in men and women - results from the Copenhagen General Population Study

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Vis graf over relationer

BACKGROUND: The association between low bone mineral density (BMD) and the presence of coronary artery calcium (CAC) as a marker of atherosclerosis is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the potential relationship between volumetric thoracic bone mineral density and coronary calcification in a large population of men and women.

METHODS: Participants from the Copenhagen General Population Study underwent multidetector computed tomography. Volumetric thoracic BMD and CAC were assessed in the same scan. CAC was measured using calibrated mass score (cMS). cMS was dichotomized as cMS = 0 or cMS > 0. The association between BMD and cMS was analyzed using multiple logistic regression in men, premenopausal and postmenopausal women. The model was adjusted for age, BMI, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, known cardiovascular disease and smoking.

RESULTS: Of 2548 eligible participants, 1163 men and 1385 women, mean age 61 ± 10 were included in the study. Mean BMD was 138 ± 46 mg/cm3 for men and 151 ± 49 mg/cm3 women. In 696 men (67%) and 537 women (41%) cMS was found to be above zero. For men, a decrease in BMD of 100 mg/cm3 was associated to an odds ratio of 1.49 for cMS > 0 (95% confidence interval: 1.04-2.13, P = 0.03). In postmenopausal women, a decrease in BMD of 100 mg/cm3 was associated to an odds ratio of 1.47 for MS > 0 (95% confidence interval: 1.04-2.08, P = 0.03). For premenopausal women, no significant association was found between BMD and cMS (odds ratio = 0.74, 95% confidence interval: 0.36-1.52, P = 0.4).

CONCLUSION: Bone mineral density and coronary calcification are inversely related in both men and postmenopausal women, supporting the hypothesis that a direct relation between bone loss and development of atherosclerosis exists irrespective of gender.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Bone
Vol/bind121
Sider (fra-til)116-120
Antal sider5
ISSN0914-7047
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 16 jan. 2019

ID: 56395726