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The need for appropriate registration of pregnancy outcomes under newer oral glucose-lowering therapies

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Because of the increase in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in young adults, women of childbearing age are frequently treated with newer glucose-lowering therapies, and an increase in unintentional exposure to therapies unapproved for use during pregnancy is expected. The clinician is left with the dilemma of deciding between discontinuation of a novel agent that is providing excellent glycaemic control, while switching to other agents may cause deterioration of glycaemia, and continued use of novel agents that may have uncertain effects on the unborn child. For T2DM, pregnancy data are collected only via spontaneous reporting systems. Therefore, we evaluated the available data on pregnancy outcomes under newer glucose-lowering agents in pharmaceutical safety databases. We found that data on pregnancy outcomes with new glucose-lowering agents in T2DM are scarce, with a high risk of bias towards negative outcomes, limiting their usefulness in robustly assessing safety. Because of the lack of information at present, these agents are not recommended for use during pregnancy or when planning pregnancy. To better guide clinical practice, structured systems of assessing pregnancy outcomes in women receiving these novel agents are urgently needed.

TidsskriftDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)2477-2480
Antal sider4
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2018

ID: 56081890