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The effect of two grading systems on the performance of medical students during oral examinations

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@article{a354d10aad1947bd83cbf4d222a487b1,
title = "The effect of two grading systems on the performance of medical students during oral examinations",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Either a pass/fail approach or a seven-point grading scale are used to evaluate students at the Danish universities. The aim of this study was to explore any effect of the assessment methods on student performances during oral exams.METHODS: In a prospective study including 1,037 examinations in three medical subjects, we investigated the difference in the test scores between the spring- and autumn semester. In the spring semester, the students could either pass or fail the subject (pass/fail) while in the following autumn semester, the students were assessed by tiered grading (seven-point grading scale). Unknown to the students, the examiners assessed the students by the seven-point grading scale also in the spring semester. Students at the international classes who were officially assessed by the seven-point grading scale during both semesters served as control group.RESULTS: The grading scores were significantly higher among students who were aware of being evaluated with the seven-point grading scores compared with the pass/fail group (p < 0.0001). In comparison, no significant difference between the exam results was observed from the spring- to the autumn semester for the control group (p = 0.45). Moreover, the average mark was higher among the international students (mean = 10.3, on the seven-point grading scale) than in the Danish speaking classes (mean = 9.1).CONCLUSION: The seven-point grading scale seems to motivate students to yield a better performance; hence tiered-grading should probably be preferred to a simple pass/fail approach.FUNDING: none.TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.",
keywords = "Chi-Square Distribution, Denmark, Dermatology, Education, Medical, Educational Measurement, Humans, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, Prospective Studies, Single-Blind Method, Students, Medical, Comparative Study, Journal Article",
author = "Shakoor Ba-Ali and Jemec, {Gregor B E} and Birgit Sander and Toft, {Peter B} and Preben Hom{\o}e and Henrik Lund-Andersen",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
language = "English",
volume = "64",
pages = "A5328",
journal = "Danish Medical Journal",
issn = "2245-1919",
publisher = "Almindelige Danske Laegeforening",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of two grading systems on the performance of medical students during oral examinations

AU - Ba-Ali, Shakoor

AU - Jemec, Gregor B E

AU - Sander, Birgit

AU - Toft, Peter B

AU - Homøe, Preben

AU - Lund-Andersen, Henrik

PY - 2017/3

Y1 - 2017/3

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Either a pass/fail approach or a seven-point grading scale are used to evaluate students at the Danish universities. The aim of this study was to explore any effect of the assessment methods on student performances during oral exams.METHODS: In a prospective study including 1,037 examinations in three medical subjects, we investigated the difference in the test scores between the spring- and autumn semester. In the spring semester, the students could either pass or fail the subject (pass/fail) while in the following autumn semester, the students were assessed by tiered grading (seven-point grading scale). Unknown to the students, the examiners assessed the students by the seven-point grading scale also in the spring semester. Students at the international classes who were officially assessed by the seven-point grading scale during both semesters served as control group.RESULTS: The grading scores were significantly higher among students who were aware of being evaluated with the seven-point grading scores compared with the pass/fail group (p < 0.0001). In comparison, no significant difference between the exam results was observed from the spring- to the autumn semester for the control group (p = 0.45). Moreover, the average mark was higher among the international students (mean = 10.3, on the seven-point grading scale) than in the Danish speaking classes (mean = 9.1).CONCLUSION: The seven-point grading scale seems to motivate students to yield a better performance; hence tiered-grading should probably be preferred to a simple pass/fail approach.FUNDING: none.TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Either a pass/fail approach or a seven-point grading scale are used to evaluate students at the Danish universities. The aim of this study was to explore any effect of the assessment methods on student performances during oral exams.METHODS: In a prospective study including 1,037 examinations in three medical subjects, we investigated the difference in the test scores between the spring- and autumn semester. In the spring semester, the students could either pass or fail the subject (pass/fail) while in the following autumn semester, the students were assessed by tiered grading (seven-point grading scale). Unknown to the students, the examiners assessed the students by the seven-point grading scale also in the spring semester. Students at the international classes who were officially assessed by the seven-point grading scale during both semesters served as control group.RESULTS: The grading scores were significantly higher among students who were aware of being evaluated with the seven-point grading scores compared with the pass/fail group (p < 0.0001). In comparison, no significant difference between the exam results was observed from the spring- to the autumn semester for the control group (p = 0.45). Moreover, the average mark was higher among the international students (mean = 10.3, on the seven-point grading scale) than in the Danish speaking classes (mean = 9.1).CONCLUSION: The seven-point grading scale seems to motivate students to yield a better performance; hence tiered-grading should probably be preferred to a simple pass/fail approach.FUNDING: none.TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

KW - Chi-Square Distribution

KW - Denmark

KW - Dermatology

KW - Education, Medical

KW - Educational Measurement

KW - Humans

KW - Ophthalmology

KW - Otolaryngology

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Single-Blind Method

KW - Students, Medical

KW - Comparative Study

KW - Journal Article

M3 - Journal article

VL - 64

SP - A5328

JO - Danish Medical Journal

JF - Danish Medical Journal

SN - 2245-1919

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 52784375